IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 54

This article attempts to present a holistic view of smart grid
integration and argues for the importance of developing system
integration "maps."

service? would smart metering protect customers' vital
information and personal data? what would the short- and
long-term impacts of smart metering be on customer engagement? what is next after smart metering? what future functionalities and capabilities would be enabled through smart
meters that would be beneficial to customers?
in fact, not only have very few attempts been made to
answer these questions adequately and convincingly, but
some utilities have added fuel to the fire by suggesting that
smart meters will help with "customer behavior change" or
"load control" through time-of-use (toU) mechanisms and
dynamic pricing. without a well-formulated plan to prove to
customers that such behavior change will not and should not
happen at the cost of their convenience or at their expense,
such suggestions have only reinforced public perceptions
that smart metering is nothing but a quick money-grabbing
exercise on the part of cash-strapped utilities trying to fill the
holes in their budgets on the backs of rate payers.
the questions that arise here are these: why wouldn't
utilities confront such misconceptions head on and communicate to their customers the benefits of smart metering? why
wouldn't they portray smart metering as the first step toward
smart grid integration and all the unprecedented capabilities
that a smart grid will offer their customers? why wouldn't
they attempt to convince their customers that a smart grid
will effectively empower them to be active stakeholders and
players in energy and service transactions?
although there could be many reasons for such a disconnect between utilities and their customers, some have speculated that either utilities have not yet managed to develop a
strategic road map for the smart grid or if they have, that there
was very little consensus across their organizations on the
integration plan and on a realistic schedule for implementing it. regardless of the root cause, pundits have seen this
as a failure on the part of the utilities to formulate the right
communication plans to help their systems, organizations,
staff, infrastructure, assets, and, ultimately, their customers
navigate collectively through this uncertain yet exciting transition to a new set of service transactions, energy paradigms,
and fundamentally different roles and responsibilities.
it goes without saying that no utility has ever discounted
the need for a strategic smart grid road map-and subsequently a smart grid integration map-prior to making such
large investments in their assets and infrastructure. the
question is therefore not the existence of such blueprints
but simply their role in driving (and informing) the major
54

ieee power & energy magazine

technology investment commitments utilities are making
today. the litmus test for this process is to ask a series of
questions so as to ascertain how conducive each investment
is to a seamless transition from a less intelligent grid to an
intelligently integrated smart grid.

Strategic Smart Grid Road Maps
as discussed earlier, the need for the development of strategic road maps for smart grids was recognized early on by
many practitioners and planners in the utility industry. Such
work began by identifying utilities' business and corporate
objectives and goals, recognizing the most critical issues and
impediments to reaching those goals, and devising plans for
how to address them. Figure 1 depicts an early attempt by a
group of experts from the british Columbia institute of technology (bCit) and bC Hydro who worked collaboratively
over a period of several months to formulate an r&d as well
as demonstration road map for their joint smart microgrid
initiative at bCit's burnaby campus. this collaborative
effort took into consideration what each party was hoping to
achieve from the joint project, the modalities of their respective development efforts, the realities on the ground, and the
resources and technologies needed to achieve those goals
over a five-year period.
as Figure 1 demonstrates, the road map highlighted the
need for several constituent streams, each informing as well
as enabling other streams along the way. For example, the
energy management system (emS) stream included several
layers of sophistication and features, based on the availability of certain assets and capabilities provided by other
parallel streams, such as advanced metering infrastructure
(ami), communication infrastructure, and load and asset
management. the interplay among these functionalities,
made possible by the integration of their respective technologies, was conceived as enabling stepwise jumps in the range
of capabilities the initiative was expected to provide.
the smart microgrid initiative implemented by bCit and
bC Hydro reinforced the notion that smart grid integration
consists of several concurrent streams, designed to introduce
intelligence (and thereby command and control) into strategic areas of the system, providing capabilities and functionalities that transcend the legacy silo architecture of the system.
the nature of these capabilities and their intended reach will
determine which assets and/or subsystems must be integrated
in order to realize the target functionality. as Figure 2 demonstrates, smart grid integration does not always have to be
may/june 2014



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 126
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 127
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 128
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerelectronics_september2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070821
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050621
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030421
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010221
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com