IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 84

operating scenarios that occur
from time to time and are not covRASA User
SCADA
RAS Arming
Interfaces
Database
ered by system operating orders.
in such cases, operators select a
template (called a "forced match"
State Estimator
AGC
template) that is considered the
best match based on quick studTSAPM
ies performed by operators and/
Operating
TSAPM
User Interfaces
or operation support staff memOrders
bers. in addition, operators can
specify extra preventive as well as
figure 10. A data flow diagram of the TSAPM application within an EMS/SCADA
corrective
action plans on top of
system.
those recommended by the forced
match template.
figure
10
shows
the
data
flow diagram of applications
plant to the amount of security enhancement over the
related to TsaPM within an eMs/scada system. in additotal MW shed at the plant).
an optimization module within TsaPM is responsi- tion to the power flow base case, TsaPM retrieves many
ble for selecting individual units for shedding to meet the other kinds of data from various sources:
requirements specified in system operating orders.
✔ equipment tagging statuses (from scada)
even though planners have studied a large number of
✔ arming mode of contingencies, i.e., whether manual or
system conditions over the years so as to cover most potenautomatic by TsaPM (from rasa)
tial real-time operating scenarios, there are still real-time
✔ unit availability for shedding (from rasa)

figure 11. The RASA pattern.
84

ieee power & energy magazine

may/june 2014



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