IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2014 - 99

✔ Safety: This concept can be further subdivided into

two major classes, as shown in figure 3. customer
safety means making the network safe; it depends on
issues such as insulation limits.
✔ Quality: This concept is known in the power industry as power quality and is broken into three major
categories, which are shown in figure 3. By causing
voltage drop, transient mode makes problems for customers and decreases their performance and efficiency.

nonstandard voltage and harmonics also decreases
the operational quality of consuming devices.
✔ Stability: This concept is known as reliability. Distribution company reports, such as asset management
and network planning reports, mostly emphasize
providing high reliability for customers. reliability
planning for distribution companies has been considered in various studies. Because we have a processbased viewpoint, this article classifies factors affecting

Personel Safety
Safety
Customer Safety
Transitent State Management
Power
Quality

Harmonic Management
Voltage Management
Human Management
Outages
Management

Electric
Distribution
System
Services

Network's Topology Management
Fault Location's Time Management
Transmission Connection
Management
Load
Management

Wastages
Management

Substations' Load
Management

Protection
Management

Feeders' Load
Management

Aging Network Management
Reliability

Preventive Maintenance Management
Geographical Factor Management
Network's
Security
Management

Urban Factor Management
Social Factor Management
Crisis
Management
Planned Outages Management

Developing Project
Management

Quality of Installation
Network Planning

figure 3. The distribution system services framework.
may/june 2014

ieee power & energy magazine

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