IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2015 - 34

The development of new materials and designs
for electric systems and components to be more resilient
to extreme events is needed.

national power grid resiliency. The projects will bring together
communities, technology developers and providers, and utilities to develop advanced microgrid controllers and system
designs for microgrids fewer than 10 mW in capacity.

Conclusions and the Path Forward
As the nation's energy infrastructure is primarily owned
and operated by the private sector, partnerships across all
levels of government and the private sector are required for
the pursuit of the R&D identified in this article. Tools, technologies, and methodologies developed through public/private partnerships will then need to be implemented, such as
through select pilots in regions with diverse characteristics
(e.g., energy sources and issues, and climate-related threats)
to provide valuable data and feedback for improvements and
build confidence for national replication.
The DOE will continue its public/private partnership
approach-from planning and development to technology
transfer to industry and end users for implementation-to help
communities better prepare for the impact of severe climate
events. Smart grid technologies deployed under the DOE
Smart Grid Investment Grant Program have helped utilities
in improving service reliability and strengthening resilience
to major storm events. Following the climate action champions announcement, the DOE issued a funding opportunity
announcement (FOA), "The Resilient Electricity Delivery
Infrastructure (REDI) Initiative," to local and tribal governments to help deploy smart grid technologies/tools to improve
climate preparedness and resiliency in their communities.
Project selection criteria include, but are not limited to, measurable and tangible improvements in resiliency, robustness,
and recovery; replicable and scalable for national deployment;
and leveraging investments from the private, public, and/or
philanthropic organizations. The DOE anticipates making the
REDI FOA selection announcement by the end of June 2015.
Going forward, the DOE is planning for a stakeholder
workshop in June 2015 to seek further feedback on the R&D
need areas for a resilient distribution grid. The Resilient Distribution Grid R&D plan will then be finalized after feedback
is incorporated. The priority needs and projects identified in
the plan will be implemented by the DOE Smart Grid R&D
Program under public/private partnerships beginning in FY
2016. Finally, the DOE Smart Grid R&D Program will continue the path of expanding partnerships with additional states
on microgrid deployments. These partnerships could include
collaborative projects with the state of Connecticut's microgrid
34

ieee power & energy magazine

program, which offered US$45 million in three rounds to study
microgrid design, engineering, and interconnection challenges;
the US$40 million NY Prize Competition to protect and
strengthen the electrical system in the face of major storms; and
the state of Maryland's Resiliency through Microgrids Task
Force to study the statutory, regulatory, financial, and technical
barriers to the deployment of microgrids in Maryland.

For Further Reading
U.S. Department of Energy. (2014, June). 2014 DOE Resilient Electric Distribution Grid R&D Workshop summary
report. [Online]. Available: http://energy.gov/oe/articles/
final-report-and-other-materials-2014-resilient-electricdistribution-grid-rd-workshop
Edison Electric Institute. (2014, Mar.). Before and after the
storm: A compilation of recent studies, programs, and policies
related to storm hardening and resiliency. [Online]. Available:
http://www.eei.org/issuesandpolicy/electricreliability/mutualassistance/Documents/BeforeandAftertheStorm.pdf
Electric Power Research Institute. (2013, Jan.). Enhancing distribution resiliency: Opportunities for applying innovative technologies. [Online]. Available: http://tdworld.com/
site-files/tdworld.com/files/archive/tdworld.com/go-gridoptimization/ distribution/1026889EnhanceDistributionResi
liency.pdf
J.-P. Watson, R. Guttromson, C. Silva-Monroy, R. Jeffers, K.
Jones, J. Ellison, C. Rath, J. Gearhart, D. Jones, T. Corbet, C.
Hanley, and L. T. Walker. (2014, Sept.). Conceptual framework
for developing resilience metrics for the electricity, oil, and gas
sectors in the United States. Sandia Nat. Lab., SAND201418019. [Online]. Available: http://energy.gov/sites/prod/
files/2015/02/f20/EnergyResilienceRpt-Sandia-Sep2014.pdf
L. Carlson, G. Bassett, W. Buehring, M. Collins, S. Folga,
B. Haffenden, F. Petit, J. Phillips, D. Verner, and R. Whitfield. (2012, Jan.). Resilience theory and applications. ANL/
DIS-12-1. Argonne Nat. Lab. [Online]. Available: http://
www.ipd.anl.gov/anlpubs/2012/02/72218.pdf
K. P. Schneider, F. K. Tuffner, M. A. Elizondo, C. C. Liu,
and Y. Xu, "Microgrid as a resiliency resource," PNNL-23674,
Pacific Northwest Nat. Lab., Richland, Washington, Sept. 2014.

Biographies
Dan T. Ton is with the U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
W-T. Paul Wang is with the Energy & Environmental
Resources Group, LLC, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
p&e
may/june 2015


http://www.energy.gov/oe/articles/ http://www.eei.org/issuesandpolicy/electricreliability/mutual http://www.tdworld.com/ http://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/ http://http:// http://www.ipd.anl.gov/anlpubs/2012/02/72218.pdf

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