IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2016 - 46

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The Interface
of Power

T

By Dimitra Apostolopoulou,
Shay Bahramirad, and Amin Khodaei

THE DEPLOYMENT OF A DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
operator (DSO) is becoming a necessity as a result of the distribution grid's increasing roles and functionalities to ensure
an efficient and reliable delivery of electricity to emerging proactive customers. The preferences of customers have
evolved as they are willing to have more control over their
energy use and transactions with the utility grid. In parallel,
there is a potential need for an intermediate entity between
the independent system operators (ISOs) or regional transmis-

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2016.2524960
Date of publication: 19 April 2016

46

ieee power & energy magazine

sion operators (RTOs) and distributed energy resource (DER)
owners due to the limited visibility and control over the meter
resources. A DSO may efficiently utilize DERs to improve
system reliability and resiliency and reduce emissions and
greenhouse gasses by resource diversification.

DSO Functions
A DSO may be considered as the evolution of a distribution management system (DMS). Traditionally, a DMS is
responsible for overall operation reliability, power delivery quality, minimum energy losses, and the normal and

1540-7977/16©2016IEEE

may/june 2016



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2016

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2016 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2016 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2016 - Cover4
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