IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 104

in my view

Graham Ault

buckle up
the smart grid rollout begins

A

A vAluABle seT of mATured
smart grid concepts has emerged from
the significant trial-and-demonstration
programs around the world. An investment in rollout programs is now required to deliver the full value of these
initial investments to electricity customers. managing the risks and making an effective transition to the smarter grid are significant challenges but
a growing body of experience, strong
principles, and effective solutions to
the issues are helping to make smart
grids business as usual (BAu).
Innovative grid solutions trials create real operating environments for assessing the technical and commercial
performance of solutions to industry
problems. They also enhance basic technological understanding, leading to improved design and production quality of
rollout-ready solutions. It is encouraging
that there is tangible progress toward
making many smart grid solutions BAu.
However, an analysis of the transitional
challenges and potential pitfalls, as well
as the success stories, provides important
lessons that can help realize the value
proposition in meaningful time frames.
many organizations have made significant investment in smart grid trials and
demonstrations, including the u.s. department of energy, American recovery
and reinvestment Act and state programs
(e.g., rev and NYserdA programs
in New York), european initiatives such
as the eC H2020 program (and its forerunners) and several major eu national
programs, and the low Carbon Network
fund and Network Innovation Competition in the united Kingdom. The promising results of these programs are evident
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2017.2659399
Date of publication: 19 April 2017

104

ieee power & energy magazine

in the articles in this issue of IEEE Power
& Energy Magazine. from a power systems functionality perspective, reported
solutions involve the following:
✔ applying advanced active network
management (ANm) technologies
to create increased dynamic hosting capacity for distributed generation (dG) interconnection (the
flexible Interconnection Capacity
solutions project)
✔ stretching ANm concepts into wider potential for dG hosting capacity enhancement (the IGreeNGrid
project) as well as for the provision
of flexibility from aggregators (the
Ide4l project)
✔ advancing the concept of voltageled load management to demonstrate its value as a source for
flexibility for system balancing
(the ClAss project)
✔ applying microgrid methods and
solutions to deliver supply resilience
closer to customers (microgrid projects in Chile).
each of these solutions captures multiple elements of the original smart grid vision, including advanced information and
communications technologies, customer
participation, low carbon technology, and
distributed energy. However, the essential BAu question is not about ticking off
smart grid characteristics nor about technological sophistication, but the necessary
delivery of system and customer value (defined in multiple ways) compared to more
traditional approaches. The challenge is to
create real utility investment plan options,
aligned with regulatory mechanisms and
necessary supporting business models and
operational processes.
BAu is a hot topic with regulators,
customers, and other power system stake-

holders, with each looking for appropriate
and targeted solutions to be rolled out to
deliver value and also exploit the large investment in trial and demonstration. Arguably, smart grid BAu seems elusive in various respects. There are notable successes
(e.g., advanced metering infrastructure
smart meters, advanced automation/restoration schemes, and commercial demandside response aggregation), but it is challenging to identify wide-scale adoption of
many trialed new smart grid solutions.
Briefly, some of the challenges to smart
grid, BAu, and rollout are
✔ the replacement of legacy network assets
✔ changing established industry
norms including standards, codes,
people/skills, regulation, legislation, vested commercial interests,
and general inertia
✔ the apparent high costs for a smart
enabling infrastructure while supporting the current system infrastructure (both capital expenditures
and operating expenditures)
✔ organizational/institutional readiness to plan, build, operate, and
maintain more sophisticated equipment and systems
✔ system operational and security
risks associated with the above
and with new potential system
vulnerabilities.
These are classic innovation valley-ofdeath problems and are evidenced by the
contrast between the relatively high volume and aggregate value of trial programs
and the low BAu rollout rate approximately a decade into the smart grid era.
some of the ingredients required to
support an effective rollout of technically
(continued on p. 100)
may/june 2017



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerelectronics_september2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070821
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050621
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030421
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010221
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com