IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 50

restoration to other customers. Secondary and tertiary controllers of congestion management are the key components
for the increment of distribution grid hosting capacity.
The hierarchical and decentralized automation architecture designed and validated in the IDE4L project is
based on existing devices and standard protocols and interfaces, which will allow DSOs to gradually deploy the new
solutions. Furthermore, the same architecture and cores of
the automation are suitable for both primary and secondary
substations. Monitoring, control, and protection functions
can be deployed locally in the substations and operate in a
coordinated manner. This fine granularity makes the individual local functions light, and the design of the architecture makes their integration highly scalable. Vertical and
horizontal integration provides a complete view of the distribution network status. This yields business benefits in
the short run, without demanding a total replacement of the
existing infrastructure, which would not be feasible.
The IDE4L project has used international information
model and interface standards [IEC 61850, DLMS/COSEM
(IEC 62056) and CIM (IEC 61970/61968)] for the design
of the automation architecture and the implementation of
devices and interfaces (FLISR IEDs, SAUs, and PMUs)
and all demonstrations. Concepts and implementations have
been proved to be interoperable and scalable.

allows for a significant reduction in the average interruption
duration experienced by customers. Each circuit breaker
will further reduce the average interruption duration when
decentralized FLISR ensures selectivity. The System Average Interruption Frequency Index and breaker-energized
operations also show better results for the IDE4L solution
and even are more effective in those cases where the second
isolation step is performed for those secondary substations
that do not have circuit breakers.

Final Remarks
The IDE4L project has successfully designed, implemented,
and demonstrated the concepts of ANM, hierarchical and
decentralized automation architecture, and a commercial aggregator to provide flexibility services for grid management. The
concept implementations have been validated by successful
demonstrations both in integration laboratories and in the
field. The same IDE4L automation system was implemented
in all field demonstration sites. Results proved it effective in
the tested configurations (functionalities chosen by the DSO)
and hardware implementations.
The IDE4L concepts and technical solutions extend the
monitoring and control of the distribution grid to all voltage levels, increase the distribution-grid hosting capacity for RESs and DERs, and enhance the reliability of the
power supply. The improvement of the quality of supply and
the management of network outages are based on decentralized FLISR, which, when compared to traditional manual or
partly automated solutions, significantly reduces the number
of customers experiencing an outage and speeds up supply

2017-2017
2018-2018
Knowledge and Survey of Active
Knowledge
Attitudes DSO Knowledge
Sharing of
Gaps
IDE4L Project

Exploitation Road Map:
Moving to Business as Usual
The road map to exploit the IDE4L project outcomes has
been divided into five viewpoints: knowledge and attitudes,

2019-2020
Collecting Best Practices of
Active DSO and Flexibility Markets

2021-2022
Utilization of Best Practices
2022-2022
Grid Codes and
Standards
Accepted

Grid Codes and
Standards

2017-2018
Grid Codes for Active DSO
Standards for Architecture
and Functions

Market and Grid
Regulation

2017-2018
Regulation Design
for Active DSO
(European Guidelines)

2019-2021
Development of National
Regulations

2021-2022
Demonstrations Based
on Regulation for Active DSO

Flexibility Market

2017-2018
Flexibility Market Design

2019-2020
Flexibility Market Development

2021-2022
Flexibility Market Demonstration

Technology

2017-2017
Second
Technology
Development

2017

2018

2019-2021
Utilization of Standards and Grid
Codes in Demonstrations

2018-2019
Second Technology
Demonstration
2019

2020-2022
Commercialization
of Technology
2020

2021

2022

2022

figure 6. A road map to exploit IDE4L outcomes.
50

ieee power & energy magazine

may/june 2017



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