IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 51

The IDE4L project has a strong focus on
technology development, and this aspect is probably
the most advanced of the selected viewpoints.
grid codes and standards, market and grid regulation, flexibility market, and technology. Figure 6 shows how these
viewpoints have been scheduled for the design, development, demonstration, and commercialization phases.
The IDE4L project has a strong focus on technology
development, and this aspect is probably the most advanced
of the selected viewpoints. However, the experiences collected from the demonstrations should be used to further
improve and extend the technology, and, therefore, the second technology development and demonstration phases are
required before commercializing the developed technology.
The design and development of other viewpoints are also
required before a market for all technologies developed in
IDE4L project really exists.
The market for flexibility services, which are validated
and purchased by DSOs, does not yet exist in Europe. Therefore, the flexibility market has to be designed first in EU
member countries and harmonized on the European level.
In addition to market design, common agreement on transactions and contracts is needed to create a well-functioning
flexibility market, which should be followed by a demonstration phase of several commercial aggregators operating
at the DSO domain. The most important issue is to create
continuity for profitable business and trust between market
stakeholders, otherwise the flexibility market will not have
enough players.
A very important aspect for the success of ANM in
distribution grids is the modification of grid regulation to
allow efficient utilization of DERs for grid management
and enable the existence of a flexibility market for DSO
use. Otherwise, DSOs will continue developing their grids
as passive infrastructures. The design, development, and
demonstration of regulation goes hand in hand with the
flexibility market.
The modification of grid codes and standards is a long process. Therefore, grid code and standard development should
focus on the future requirements of ANM in addition to the
urgent needs of existing systems. The IDE4L project used the
SGAM for automation architecture development and also provided the description of use cases to be used in the standardization work. The active participation of research and demonstration projects is required to understand future needs for
the development of grid codes and standards and to create a
European vision for an active distribution grid.
The most challenging aspect of the viewpoints is knowledge and attitude. The research and development staff of DSOs
are very enthusiastic about developing and demonstrating
may/june 2017

new solutions, but the challenge is to implement the new
ideas as a standard practice. For this effort, more information
about real knowledge gaps in business and engineering tasks,
while DSOs are making investment decisions, needs to be
collected. In addition, sharing the outcomes of demonstration
projects and collecting the best practices from other demonstration projects is needed before utilizing new ideas as the
best practice in a DSO.

For Further Reading
IDE4L Project deliverables and other materials. (2016).
[Online]. Available: http://ide4l.eu/
A. Angioni, A. Kulmala, D. Della Giustina, M. Mirz, A.
Mutanen, A. Dedè, F. Ponci, S. Lu, G. Massa, S. Repo, and
A. Monti, "Design and implementation of a substation automation unit," IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 32, no., 2, pp.
1133-1142, Apr. 2017.
A. Kulmala, M. Alonso, S. Repo, H. Amaris, A. Moreno,
J. Mehmedalic, and Z. Al-Jassim, "Hierarchical and distributed control concept for distribution network congestion
management," IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 11, no. 3,
pp. 665-675, Feb. 16, 2017.
S. Repo, F. Ponci, A. Dedè, D. Della Giustina, M. CruzZambrano, Z. Al-Jassim, and H. Amaris, "Real-time distributed monitoring and control system of MV and LV distribution network with large-scale distributed energy resources,"
in Proc. IEEE PES ISGT Europe Innovative Smart Grid
Technologies, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 10-12 Oct. 2016.
Smart Grid Coordination Group. "Smart grid reference architecture," in Proc. CEN-CENELEC-ETSI, Tech. Rep., 2012.

Biographies
Sami Repo is with Tampere University of Technology,
Finland.
Ferdinanda Ponci is with RWTH Aachen University,
Germany.
Davide Della Giustina is with Unareti SpA, Italy.
Amelia Alvarez is with Schneider Electrics, Spain.
Cristina Corchero Garcia is with Catalonia Institute for
Energy Research (IREC), Spain.
Zaid Al-Jassim is with the Danish energy association
(Dansk Energi), Denmark.
Hortensia Amaris is with the University Carlos III of
Madrid, Spain.
Anna Kulmala is with VTT Technical Research Centre,
Finland.
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http://www.ide4l.eu/

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