IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2017 - 83

*	Develop plans and pursue implementation of ad-
vanced distribution control and operations systems.
*	Develop communications and control architectures
for grid modernization: substation and DA and DER
integration, control, and communications systems.
*	Deploy and implement commercially available tech-
nologies such as digital protection, advanced auto-
mation, FLISR, and remote fault sensing.
✔ Innovation
*	Implement pilot projects to test and validate the feasi-
bility of innovative technologies, solutions, and con-
cepts to enable grid modernization.
*	Develop advanced facilities capable of testing the
performance and operation of modern grid architec-
tures, including advanced communications and con-
trol systems, and apply these testing methodologies to
advanced pilot installations.
*	Develop utility standards for emerging technologies,
DER interconnection, and utilization of advanced
automation systems.
✔ Partnerships
*	Develop partnership models with suppliers, including
software developers, to accelerate the detailed model-
ing of DERs within planning and operations analytics.
*	Work with universities and community colleges to
develop training curricula in support of the modern-
ized grid.

Actions That Regulators and
State Agencies Can Take
✔ Pursue regulatory frameworks, policies, and business

models for emerging technologies (such as microgrids
and energy storage) that better allow utilities to har-
vest all their potential value streams and benefits-in
particular, by removing barriers to combining reli-
ability and market applications and allowing utilities
to offer services (ancillary services, local/community
reliability, and so forth) to groups of customers on a
tariff basis.
✔ Support and foster open comparisons of different ana-
lytical tools that address evolving problems such as the
valuation of emerging technologies and concepts, and
provide incentives for utilities to embrace open platforms
as the basis of new analytics in operations and planning.
✔ Resolve business issues related to the integration of
DERs via the IoT, which will inevitably increase grid
complexity and present cybersecurity and privacy
concerns in addition to a need for greater DERs vis-
ibility and control. Where these are federal rather than
state issues, support industry efforts to achieve clarity
and resolution in ways that will foster rather than hin-
der grid modernization.
✔ Support the development of state-level standards that
help remove barriers to adopting emerging technologies
and solutions, such as energy storage and microgrids.
may/june 2017

✔ Support experimentation and careful cost-benefit anal-

ysis of different distribution market models, emerging
technologies, and grid architectures via pilot projects.

Actions That Require Support
from Industry Vendors
✔ Develop open platform models and/or open applica-

tion program interfaces for ongoing integration of ad-
vanced DER models and control algorithms into plan-
ning and operations tools.
✔ Develop advanced analytics for distribution planning,
forecasting, and operations.
✔ Develop adaptive protection and control products.

Actions That Require Cross-Industry Attention
✔ Continue to develop and implement DERs, energy stor-

age, and EV integration and interoperability standards,
as well as information and control models, especially
via the IoT, and convert information and control models
into standards. Both industry standards and coordinated
utility/developer deployment standards are needed.
✔ Address third-party data ownership issues in the con-
text of DSO and, potentially, markets.

For Further Reading

IEEE Joint Task Force on Quadrennial Energy Review.
(2015, 5 Sept.). IEEE Report to DOE QER on priority is-
sues. [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee-pes.org/images/
files/pdf/IEEE%20QER%20Report%20September%20
5%202014%20HQ.pdf
J. Romero Agüero, A. Khodaei, and R. Masiello, "The
utility and grid of the future: Challenges, needs, and
trends," IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 29-
37, 2016.
D. M. Staszesky, D. Craig, and C. Befus, "Advanced
feeder automation is here," IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol.
3, no. 5, pp. 56-63, 2005.
J. Romero Agüero, "Applying self-healing schemes to
modern power distribution systems," in Proc. IEEE Power
& Energy Society General Meeting, 2012.
R. Masiello and J. Romero Agüero, "Sharing the ride of
power: Understanding transactive energy in the ecosystem
of energy economics," IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 14,
no. 3, pp. 70-78, 2016.

Biographies
Julio Romero Aguero is with Quanta Technology, Houston,
Texas.
Erik Takayesu is with Southern California Edison, Po-
mona, California.
Damir Novosel is with Quanta Technology, Raleigh,
North Carolina.
Ralph Masiello is with Quanta Technology, Raleigh,
North Carolina.
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