IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 2

magazine

Editor-in-Chief

Michael I. Henderson, mih.psat@gmail.com

Associate Editors
John Paserba, History

Editorial Board

L. Barroso, A. Conejo, J. Feltes, N. Hatziargyriou,
T. Hong, B. Johnson, B. Kroposki, Debra Lew,
N. Lu, B. Mather, M. Miller, D. Novosel,
M. O'Malley, N. Ochoa, J. Paserba, C.E. Root,

H. Rudnick, M. Shahidehpour, G.B. Sheblé,
J.C. Smith, M. Thomas, E. Uzunovic,
S.S. Venkata, J. Wang, S. Widergren

Spanish Editorial Board

Enrique Tejera, Editor-in-Chief
Editors: M. Baquedano, G. Gonzalez

Advertising

Erik Henson, Naylor Association Solutions
+1 352 333 3443, fax: +1 352 331 3525
ehenson@naylor.com

IEEE Periodicals/Magazines Department
445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA
www.ieee.org/magazines
Geraldine Krolin-Taylor, Senior Managing Editor
Janet Dudar, Senior Art Director
Gail A. Schnitzer, Associate Art Director
Theresa L. Smith, Production Coordinator
Felicia Spagnoli, Advertising Production Manager
Peter M. Tuohy, Production Director
Kevin Lisankie, Editorial Services Director
Dawn M. Melley, Staff Director, IEEE Publishing
Operations
IEEE prohibits discrimination, harassment, and bullying. For more information, visit http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/p9-26.html.

Promoting Sustainable Forestry

ieee power & energy society (pes)

SFI-01681

The IEEE Power & Energy Society is an organization of IEEE members whose principal interest is the advancement of the science and practice of electric power generation,
transmission, distribution, and utilization. All members of the IEEE are eligible for membership in the Society. Mission Statement: To be the leading provider of scientific and
engineering information on electric power and energy for the betterment of society, and the preferred professional development source for our members.

Governing Board

S. Rahman, President
F. Lambert, President-Elect
M. Armstrong, Vice President, Chapters
F. Rahmatian, Vice President, Technical Activities
E. Uzunovic, Vice President, Education
B. Pal, Vice President, Publications
W. Bishop, Vice President, Meetings
J.C. Montero Q, Vice President, Membership
& Image
S. Bahramirad, Vice President, New Initiatives/
Outreach
N. Hadjsaid, Treasurer
J. Bian, Secretary
D. Novosel, Past-President
D. Diaz, Region Rep., U.S. & Canada
J. Milanovic, Region Rep., Europe, Middle East,
& Africa
S. Leon, Region Rep., Latin America
D. Sharafi, Region Rep., Asia & Pacific
B. Enayati, Member-at-Large
R. Kappagantu, Member-at-Large
H. Koch, Member-at-Large
J. Yu, Member-at-Large

IEEE Division VII Director
B. Meyer

IEEE Division VII Director-Elect
M. Sanders

PES Executive Director

Patrick Ryan, +1 732 465 6618,
fax +1 732 562 3881, p.ryan@ieee.org

Standing Committee Chairs

H. Louie, Constitution & Bylaws
V. Kolluri, Fellows
N. Hadjsaid, Finance
A. Apostolov, History
F. Lambert, Long-Range Planning
D. Novosel, Nominations & Appointments

Region Representatives

D. Diaz, B. Gwyn, J. Khan, S. Leon, N. Logic,
J. Milanovic, P. Pabst, D. Sharafi,
M. Stryjewski, C. Wong

L.F. Gaitán, Social Media
G. González, Web Site Development
S. Ninalowo, Women in Power
J. Hofman, Young Professionals

Technical Council

F. Rahmatian, Chair, V. Vittal, Vice Chair
H. Chen, Secretary, M. Sanders, Past-Chair
Technical Committee Chairs

K. Schneider, Analytical Methods for
Power Systems
K. Chen, Electric Machinery
J. Yale, Energy Development & Power
Generation
C. Ashton, Energy Storage & Stationary Battery
E. Bascom, Insulated Conductors
D. Harmon, Nuclear Power Engineering
K. Fodero, Power System Communications
& Cybersecurity
C. Vournas, Power System Dynamic Performance
J. McBride, Power System Instrumentation
& Measurements
L. Barroso, Power System Operation Planning
& Economics
R. Patterson, Power System Relaying & Control
S. Chandler, Smart Building, Load &
Customer Systems
J. Gravelle, Substations
S. Hensley, Surge Protective Devices
T. Irwin, Switchgear
S. McNelly, Transformers
G. Chang, Transmission & Distribution
Technical Council Coordinating Committees

D. Houseman, Intelligent Grid & Emerging
Technology
D. Alexander, Marine Systems
D. Lew, Wind & Solar Power
Technical Council Standing Committees

M. Sanders, Awards
Open, Industry Education
H. Chen, Organization & Procedures
T. Burse, Standards Coordination
V. Vittal, Technical Sessions
Open, Webmaster

Chapter Committee Chairs

C. Diamond, Awards & Resources
Z. Wang, Chapters Website
N. Nair, Distinguished Lecturer Program
Z. Wang, Electronic Communications
T. Ribeiro de Alencar, Student Chapters Coordinator

Membership & Image Committee Chairs
T. Doggett, VP Deputy
A. Vaccaro, Awards & Recognition
S. Fattah, Humanitarian Activities
J. Benedict, Marketing
M. Seif, Membership Development

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2019.2896684

2

ieee power & energy magazine

Publications

Publications Board Chair, B. Pal
Editors-in-Chief
IEEE Electrification Magazine, I. Husain
IEEE Power Engineering Letters, M. FotuhiFiruzabad
IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, J. Jatskevich
IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, W. Xu
IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, N. Hatziargyriou
IEEE Trans. on Smart Grid, J. Wang
IEEE Trans. on Sustainable Energy, B. Chowdhury
IEEE Power & Energy Technology Systems Journal,
S. Sudhoff
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine, M. Henderson
eNewsletter, S. Fattah
Marketing, E. Batzelis
PES Representative to IEEE Press, Open
Website, R. Rana

Meetings

Committee Chairs
General Meeting Steering, D. Hall
Joint Technical Committee Meeting Steering,
S. Ward
Technically Cosponsored Conferences Steering,
J. Mitra
Transmission & Distribution Conference &
Exposition Committee for North America
Steering, C. Segneri
Innovative Smart Grid Technology Conference-
Europe, D. Van Hertem
Innovative Smart Grid Technology Conference-
Asia, TBD
Website, Open

Education

Committee Chairs
Power and Energy Education, S. Brahma
Scholarship Plus, R. Pieper
Website, Open

New Initiatives and Outreach
Committee Chairs
IEEE Smart Village, R. Larsen, Chair
R. Podmore, Vice-Chair
Industry Outreach, J. Giri, Chair
Website, K. Anastasopoulos

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine (ISSN 1540-7977) (IPEMCF) is published bimonthly by the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers, Inc. Headquarters: 3 Park Avenue, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10016-5997 USA. Responsibility for  the
contents rests upon the authors and not upon the IEEE, the Society, or its members. IEEE Operations Center (for orders, subscriptions, address changes): 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Telephone: +1 732 981 0060, +1 800 678 4333.
Individual copies: IEEE members US$20.00 (first copy only), nonmembers US$84 per copy. Subscription Rates: Society members
included with membership dues. Subscription rates available upon request. Copyright and reprint permissions: Abstracting is permitted
with credit to the source. Libraries are permitted to photocopy beyond the limits of U.S. Copyright law for the private use of patrons 1)
those post-1977 articles that carry a code at the bottom of the first page, provided the per-copy fee indicated in the code is paid through
the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA; 2) pre-1978 articles without fee. For other copying,
reprint, or republication permission, write Copyrights and Permissions Department, IEEE Operations Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Copyright © 2019 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. All rights reserved. Periodicals
postage paid at New York, NY, and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to IEEE Power & Energy Magazine,
printed in u.s.a.
IEEE Operations Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA. Canadian GST #125634188

may/june 2019


http://www.ieee.org/magazines http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/p9-26.html

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070821
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050621
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030421
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010221
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070817
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050617
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010217
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070816
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050616
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/powerenergy_010216
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070815
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050615
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010215
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_111214
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_091014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_070814
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_050614
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_030414
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_010214
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com