IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - 55

a boat anchor hooked the cables (Figure 7). This incident
was replayed on the replicas to validate the control system
operation and perform an assessment during the replacement
of the damaged cable.

the root cause of the event, perform sensitivity analysis, and
eventually identify mitigation solutions. if necessary, a technical discussion occurs with the power electronics equipment
manufacturer, who may perform on-site software modifications or provide further assessment.
The following section provides an overview of recent and
ongoing studies performed on the two hVdc links: the iFA2000,
connecting the les Mandarins (France) and sellindge (united
Kingdom) substations, and the inelFe, connecting the Baixas
(France) and santa llogaia (spain) substations. Table 1 lists the
main data for both hVdc links.

table 1. An overview of HVdc projects.

Validation With On-Site Measurements
Validation of IFA2000 Replicas

on 20 november 2016, a dc pole-to-ground fault occurred
on the iFA2000 links during Tropical storm nannette after

IFA2000 Link

INELFE Link

*   Commissioned in 1986
*   Valves and control panels 
refurbished in 2012
*   LCC technology
*   Bipolar configuration
*   Mass impregnated cables
*   12 pulse bridges
*   2*1,000 MW
*   dc voltage ±270 kV
*   ac sides 400 kV, 50 Hz

*   Commissioned in 2015
*   VSC technology
*   Monopole configuration
*   Cross-linked 
polyethylene cable
*   MMC
*   2*1,000 MW / ±2*300 
Mvar
*   dc voltage ±320 kV
*   ac sides 400 kV, 50 Hz

Power + 1,000 MW
Sellindge

Les Mandarins
Cable 44

Pole Four Side B

Pole Four Side A

Cable 43

Pole Three Side A

Pole Three Side B

Cable 34

Cable 33
(a)

(b)

figure 7. (a) The dc pole-to-ground fault incident and (b) the cable damage after the incident.
may/june 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

55



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - May/June 2019 - Cover2
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