IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - July/August 2014 - 63

concerns but also to consider the community's point of view
in the design of the project.

technologies, the design process focuses on evaluation of the
technical costs and benefits of the microgrid.
at this point, the investment cost of setting up a microgrid
must be known and should be checked against budgetary
capabilities to obtain a clear vision of the additional funding
or subsidies that may be required.
in social terms, the main focus should be on identifying relevant stakeholders, building trust among community
members, and identifying the views and narratives of community members as the basis for participatory planning. in
this phase, it is important to determine how the community
is organized and whether local people can carry out administrative tasks or need external training to do so. Constant
interaction across the team in sharing the results of each task
is essential for evaluating the project's viability.

Stage 3: First Impression

in the days immediately following the start of operation
of the project, when the community is able to see its real
impact, it is essential to register all the impressions of
stakeholders and the community and watch their interaction with the energy system before adapting it to facilitate
technological adoption. it is at this stage that changes in
energy behavior patterns start to be reflected in concrete
actions and the community starts to learn through practice
how to operate the energy system and organize and manage
it. Capacity building and support are essential in this stage.
Stage 4: Trial Phase

for a project to be successful, it is essential to create a longterm strategy that ensures operability and sustainability over
time. it is particularly important that projects be developed
under a financial structure that ensures economic sustainability. in isolated microgrids, basic maintenance and operation may be carried out by the community. it is therefore
important to make them aware of possible failures and provide basic maintenance training.
sustainability indicators are developed, including both substantive (economic, social, and environmental) and procedural

Stage 2: Participatory Planning

This is the stage in which the project takes on concrete
form and relevant decisions about the characteristics of its
implementation are taken. plans are made and decisions
taken with the active participation of the community, taking into account the opinions of all relevant stakeholders.
it is essential to share visions, promote dialogue, and create
consensus. Workshops and meetings should seek to promote
meaningful participation rather than paternalism. in other
words, they should strive not only to inform and respond to

Puertecitos
Implementation Stage
Baja Califonia, Mexico

Puerto Alcatraz, San
Juanico
Operative
Baja Califonia, Mexico

Mexico

Cuba

Dominican Republic
Belize
Honduras
Guatemala
Nicaragua
Guyana
El Salvador
Venezuela
Suriname
Costa Rica
Panama Colombia
Ecuador

Huatacondo
Operative
Tarapacá, Chile

Lencóis Island
Operative
Maranhao, Brazil

Brazil

Peru

Bolivia
Pa
ra
gu
ay

Ollagüe
Implementation Stage
Antofagasta, Chile

Silice Project
Pilot Application
Bogotá, Colombia

Argentina

Uruguay

Trinidad Island
Feasibility
Rio State, Brazil

Chile
Juan Fernández
Design Stage
J. Fernández, Chile

Islas Desertores
Implementation Stage
Chiloé, Chile

figure 2. Microgrid developments in Latin America.
july/august 2014

ieee power & energy magazine

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - July/August 2014

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