IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 12

emphasized the ieee's unbiased and
independent technical leadership
worldwide utilizing synergies among
utilities, vendors, academia, national
labs, regulatory organizations, and
other industry participants.
pes is very well positioned internationally to support government agencies
in policy development and implementation. pes volunteers possess unparalleled, integrated knowledge of technical, economic, environmental, security,
and safety aspects to significantly help
policymakers with an all-inclusive and
rigorous approach. Our organization
could help by reviewing the existing
policies and recommending additional
legislative actions and assessing and recommending priorities for research, development, and demonstration programs
for the transmission and distribution
(t&d) infrastructure.

Grid Complexity
third, grid complexity has resulted in
an increasing number and size of system outages worldwide. an important
aspect of grid reliability is in preventing large-scale blackouts that are low
probability events with a high impact.
One could break up the grid to prevent
large blackouts, but that would create
more small outages. as it is difficult
to avoid local outages, managing large
grids requires preventing the propagation of disturbances to large areas.
the occurrence of widespread electric
disturbances depends on strategies for
grid management so it is not possible
to avoid multiple contingency-initiated
outages, but the probability, size, and
impact of wide-area blackouts can be
reduced. the deployment of microgrids
could be an important aspect in preventing large outages.

the recent proliferation in natural gas production has helped address
energy needs but has added an additional layer of complexity in managing the electrical grid due to the
interdependency between electrical
and gas infrastructures. For example,
any interruption of gas supply due to
physical or market constraints creates
additional constrains on the electrical
infrastructure, begging a question what
constitutes (n-1) reliability criteria in
modern grids. in addition, the planning
and development of the electric transmission system is changing considerably in the united states as a result of
FerC Order 1000 and the elimination
of the right of first refusal for incumbent utilities.
in addition to increased grid complexity, energy consumption patterns are
changing. data centers have a higher load

Packaged Software ● Integration & Customization ● Model Development ● Training ● Consulting

Dynamic Security Assessment Software

12

ieee power & energy magazine

september/october 2014



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 22
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 31
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 63
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 67
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 79
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 83
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 86
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 92
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover4
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