IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 51

Fossil Fuel Emissions Conditioning a
Reduction in Hydroelectric Resources in Chile

C

Climate Change has beCome a major
concern worldwide. major scientific organizations
now agree that it is taking place, that human activities are contributing significantly to it, and-most
important-that climate change and the resulting global warming pose significant future risks to
humanity. increasing the average global temperature
by even a degree or two will lead to serious consequences worldwide, with reductions in the yields
of crops, increases in rainfall amounts and thus
increased flooding risks, and decreases in stream
and river flows, among other effects. according to
the economic Commission for latin america and
the Caribbean, climate change is expected to causes
losses of around 1% of annual gDP in the countries
of latin america and the Caribbean between 2010
and 2100.
the recent publication of Climate Change 2013,
the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (iPCC), a scientific

intergovernmental body established under the auspices of the United nations, has further fueled these
concerns about climate change's impacts, the world's
vulnerability to them, and the need for global adaptation. it argues with high confidence that there are
systemic risks due to extreme weather events and
other multiple interacting hazards that will lead to
the breakdown of infrastructure networks and critical services such as electricity, water supplies, and
health and emergency services. it warns of the great
dependency of people on these critical services.
iPCC has evidence that climate change may influence the integrity and reliability of electricity grids
and may therefore require changes in design standards for the construction and operation of power
transmission and distribution lines. it suggests that
utilizing existing technology developed for various
geographical and climatic conditions could reduce
the cost of adapting new infrastructure as well as the
cost of retrofitting existing grids.

figure 1. Thermoelectric generation from burning coal in Huasco, Chile (photo courtesy of Horacio Parrague).
september/october 2014

ieee power & energy magazine

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover3
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