IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - 72

43 N

43 N

42 N

42 N

41 N

41 N

40 N

40 N

39 N
75 W

74 W

73 W

72 W

71 W

70 W

39 N
75 W

74 W

73 W

(a)

43 N

43 N

42 N

42 N

41 N

41 N

40 N

40 N

39 N
75 W

74 W

73 W

72 W

71 W

70 W

39 N
75 W

74 W

73 W

(c)
-40

-30

72 W

71 W

70 W

72 W

71 W

70 W

30

40

(b)

-20

(d)
-10

-5

-2

2

5

10

20

figure 6. A comparison of 24-h accumulated precipitation (mm) from 12:00 UTC 29 October to 12:00 UTC 30 October
in the future scenarios with that in the CNTL simulation, for (a) F2020, (b) F2050A, (c) F2050B, and (d) F2090. (Image used
with permission from NCAR.)

Despite some differences in the northern portion of the
domain, the spatial distribution of 24-h rainfall in new
jersey and in the lower portion of new york state forecast
by the wrf model is notably similar to observations (see
figure 4). moreover, the maximum amount of rainfall near
atlantic city, new jersey, was well predicted.
the data handshake between the atmospheric science
and hazard impacts teams required close cooperation, as the
wrf outputs need to be compatible with the required inputs
for the surge and flood models. the wrf model, when run
at such fine resolution over such a large domain, can generate terabytes of data, so modelers are selective in the output fields generated and the time intervals over which they
72

ieee power & energy magazine

are saved. for example, typical outputs from wrf include
three-hourly wind speeds at the hour, but the impacts models
required subhourly wind speeds and their maximum values.
the wrf output fields were modified to generate the maximum wind speed, the wind direction, and the radius of maximum winds from the storm center over each 15-min interval.
these data were then passed from the atmospheric modeling
team to the hazards modeling team for use in storm surge,
flooding, and inundation modeling.

Future Scenarios
the wrf simulations for the future, warmer conditions
followed a perturbation method where the surface-air
september/october 2014



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - September/October 2014 - Cover3
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