IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - 49

Coordinating
Electricity and
Natural Gas
Infrastructures
in Turkey

By Osman Bülent Tör and
Mohammad Shahidehpour
IMAGES LICENSED BY INGRAM PUBLISHING

E

Crossroads
of Power

ELECTRICITY CONTINUES TO BE THE CORNERSTONE OF EVERY DEVELOPING ECONOMY,
with many untapped opportunities for growth and enhanced efficiency (see Figure 1). Over the last few
decades, the global consumption of energy has continued to grow (see Figure 2) while the inherently slowchanging electric power industry was subject to market fluctuations, government support of renewable generation, and tightening environmental regulations, all of which have led to the shrinking of the traditional
coal-fired generation base. Many questions have also been raised about the future of nuclear-powered units.
A large increase in global natural gas usage (see Figure 3) has compounded these strains; the installation
of a large number of gas-fired generators is leading the power industry toward a new and revolutionary
paradigm: the coordination and possible integration of interdependent natural gas and electricity systems.
Turkey imports 99% of the natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) it uses domestically. It
imports natural gas from Russia, Iran, and Azerbaijan. The total share of natural-gas-fired power plant
capacity in Turkey was 35% in 2013. This share was even higher (44%) in terms of power production

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2014.2347653
Date of publication: 20 October 2014

november/december 2014

1540-7977/14©2014IEEE

ieee power & energy magazine

49



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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - Cover3
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