IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - 50

100

(%)

80
60
40
20
0

Industry

Transport

Power
Generation

Buildings

figure 1. Implemented (solid) and potential (crosshatched) energy efficiency by 2035 in various industries
(source: International Energy Agency).

Rest of OECD

35
20

30
20

25
20

20

15

China

20

10

20

05

20

00

Rest of World

20

95

20

19

19

90

Mtoe

18,000
16,000
14,000
12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0

Evolution of the World Energy Demand in
Million Tons of Oil Equivalent (Mtoe)

EU

figure 2. World energy demand by 2035 (source:
International Energy Agency).

due to the high availability and dispatch of natural-gas-fired
units. The supply adequacy and reliability of the natural
gas transmission network are therefore quite important for
secure power generation in Turkey.
The disruption of the natural gas supply in southeastern
Europe in January 2009 and the Russia-Ukraine crisis have
revealed serious shortcomings in the security of the region's
natural gas supply. Forecasts of the considerable fiscal risks
arising from inadequate energy infrastructure have been confirmed by this latest crisis. Furthermore, a high degree of good
fortune contributed to resolving the 2009 gas supply crisis
throughout southeastern Europe. For instance, exceptionally
high water levels facilitated very large hydropower production. Nevertheless, the contraction of economic activity was
substantial in certain countries in the region and had a considerable financial impact that is likely to become more complicated with any recurrence or spread of financial crises. Many
countries in the region have been seeking assistance from international financial institutions with regard to improvements in
energy security of supply and appropriate security arrangements. But any future crises in energy supply could easily
wipe away the eventual short-term gains from such financial
assistance in a number of southeastern European countries.
Turkey is one of the fastest-developing countries in the
region. In 2011, Turkey was the 16th-largest economy among
34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, with a GDP of US$772.298 billion,
and it had an average annual real GDP growth of 5% for the
period 2002-2012 (see Figure 4). Electricity is essentially
the most crucial infrastructure for supporting this significant
economic development. Figure 5 illustrates the significant

Rising Supplies of Unconventional Gas and LNG Help to Diversify Trade Flows
Major Global Gas Trade Flows in 2035

North America

Latin America

Eurasia

Africa

Middle East

Oceania

Asia (Excluding OECD
Asia, China, and India)

figure 3. Projected natural gas flows in the global arena by 2035 (source: International Energy Agency).
50

ieee power & energy magazine

november/december 2014



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - 1
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - Cover4
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