IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2014 - 52

Million Sm3

50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
10,000
0

2005

2006

2007
Russia
Algeria LNG

2008

2009

2010

Iran
Nigeria LNG

2011

2012

Azerbaijan
Spot LNG

electric power transmission grid is
therefore crucial, and such coordination will be discussed later on in
this article. In addition, an overview of the electric transmission
network and of renewable generation in Turkey will be presented.

Turkish Electric Power
Transmission Network

Figure 15 shows the high-voltage
(HV) electricity grid in Turkey,
which is made up of 400-kV and
154-kV systems. A map showing
natural-gas-fired power plants (red circles) and the 400-kV
network is presented in Figure 10. The distribution of the
natural-gas-fired power plants is also visible on the map: most
of them are located in the western part of the country, close
to load centers. Annual electricity demand has increased by
approximately 6.5%, on average, over the last decade. The
peak demand (in summer) was approximately 38 GW, and
annual energy consumption was approximately 245,000 GWh
in 2013. Since September 2010, the Turkey's electric power
system has been synchronized with the European grid
(ENTSO/E) through 400-kV transmission lines shared with
Bulgaria (two lines) and Greece (one line). The electric power
exported to Iraq and Syria and the power imported from Iran
pass through isolated 400-kV systems. For power import,
load centers close to the Iranian border are isolated from the

figure 7. The breakdown of total natural gas imports to Turkey by source, 2012
(source: EPDK).

Others, 7.75%

BOTAS (State Owned), 92.25%

figure 8. Breakdown of Turkish natural gas imports by
importing company, 2012 (source: EPDK).

NG Pipeline

Petroleum Pipeline

Compressor Station

LNG Station

Pipeline (Planned)

Compressor Station
(Under Const)

Petroleum
Pipeline
Pump Station

NG Power Plant
NG Pipeline
(Under Const)

NG Import (Contracted)
NG Import (Under Contract)
NG Import (Planned Contract)

figure 9. The natural gas pipeline network and significant natural gas generating plants as of February 2014 (source: BOTAS¸).

52

ieee power & energy magazine

november/december 2014



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