IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2015 - 104

book reviews

in-depth coverage
high-voltage engineering & renewable energy

T

The Two books presenTed in
this column are highly recommended
by their reviewers. High Voltage Engineering "makes the most comprehensive and in-depth presentation of all
aspects of hV engineering," according to the reviewer. And the reviewer
of Renewable Energy Integration says
that "the value of this book lies in its
variety in terms of breadth and depth."

High Voltage Engineering
By Farouk A.M. Rizk and Giao N.
Trinh, ISBN 13:978-1-4665-1376-1
high-voltage (hV) engineering consists essentially of the design and testing
of insulation structures used in all equipment required for the reliable and economic transmission of power at high voltages. High Voltage Engineering makes
the most comprehensive and in-depth presentation of all aspects of hV engineering. it includes a discussion of the basic
physics of discharge phenomena and insulation performance under different electrical stresses produced during the normal
operation of power systems, engineering
aspects of insulation design and hV testing, and measurements required to ensure
compliance with established performance
criteria. The rigor and thoroughness with
which the different topics are presented in
the book reflect the vast experience of the
authors and the significant contributions
they have made to hV engineering.
The first section of the book, comprising Chapters 1-3, provides an overview
of analytical tools required to evaluate
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2015.2458757
Date of publication: 20 October 2015

104

ieee power & energy magazine

the magnitudes and statistical aspects of
electrical stresses to which the insulation
may be subject. Methods for calculating
the internally generated overvoltages are
reviewed, with an emphasis on understanding the mechanisms of overvoltage
generation. knowledge of the electric
field distribution within and along the
insulation structures is essential in understanding and evaluating the ionization and
discharge phenomena that may lead to the
deterioration and breakdown of the insulation. Analytical and computational techniques used to determine the electric field
distributions for the conductor-insulation
configurations encountered in different
types of power equipment are reviewed.
statistical methods are required to characterize both the electrical stresses applied
to and the discharge processes occurring
in the insulation. Analytical considerations and practical application of some of
the commonly used statistical techniques
are described in this section.
The dielectric properties and electrical
breakdown characteristics of gaseous, liquid, and solid insulating materials likely to
be used in hV equipment are described in
Chapters 4, 6, and 7, respectively. Among
gaseous materials, emphasis is placed on
air, the most commonly used external insulation for overhead transmission lines
and substation equipment. The characteristics of the electronegative gas sF6,
which is used as the insulating material in
hV underground cables and sometimes in
compact substations, are also described.
The breakdown characteristics of
mineral oil, the most commonly used
insulating material, often in combination with paper, are described in

Chapter 6. The important influences of
stressed area and volume are also discussed. Chapter 7 provides a detailed
discussion of the breakdown characteristics of the commonly used solid insulating materials such as polyethylene
and rubber as well as of oil-paper insulation. it also includes a description of
the characteristics of sF6-epoxy spacer
systems used in gas-insulated systems.
electrical design considerations of hV
overhead power transmission lines, which
use atmospheric air as the principal insulation medium, are discussed in Chapters 5,
8, 9, and 10. experimental as well as physical modeling studies of the breakdown
characteristics of long air-gaps; under alternating, direct, switching, and lightning
impulses; and composite voltage stresses
(which provide the basis for the design of
air-gap clearances of transmission lines
and substations) are discussed in Chapter
5. Chapter 8 provides a detailed discussion
of the physics of corona discharges on
conductors at direct and alternating voltages as well as of the corona performance
considerations required in the selection of
conductor bundles for use on hV ac and
dc transmission lines.
Lightning protection is an important
design consideration for overhead transmission lines. Chapter 9 covers the mechanism of lightning incidence, physical
modeling of the upward flash from tall
structures such as transmission towers, and
design considerations for lightning protection using overhead ground wires. Chapter
10 deals with the electrical performance of
hV insulators, particularly under normal
operating voltage and polluted conditions.
The modeling of insulator flashover, the
november/december 2015



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