IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2015 - 22

Serving
the Future
By Jason MacDowell, Sudipta Dutta,
Matt Richwine, Sebastian Achilles, and Nicholas Miller

G

GRID INTEGRATION OF WIND POWER
plants is complicated by wind variability
and the technical characteristics of wind
generators. The generation mix is evolving
in today's power system as conventional
coal plants reach the end of their useful
lives and are being displaced by cleaner
technology such as wind and gas. At high
levels of wind power penetration, the need
for ancillary services increases, while the
traditional resources that provide those
services may become less available or economically feasible. Developing wind plant
controls that allow performance more like
that of conventional generation presents
the opportunity for wind plants to provide
a full range of ancillary services.
Great advances in wind technology
have occurred over the past decade, allowing wind power to become a mainstream
energy source. These advances have
related mainly to the functionality and
performance of wind generators in operating as power plants on the grid. A key
part of this technology is the wind plant
control system. The plant control system
described in this article coordinates the
behavior of individual wind turbines to
achieve overall grid support, usually without the need for supplemental equipment.
It governs the wind turbines in a way that
allows a wind plant to function as a single,
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2015.2461331
Date of publication: 20 October 2015

22

ieee power & energy magazine

1540-7977/15©2015IEEE

november/december 2015



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