IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2015 - 78

Alternatives
No More
By Michael Milligan,
Bethany Frew, Brendan
Kirby, Matt Schuerger,
Kara Clark, Debbie Lew,
Paul Denholm,
Bob Zavadil,
Mark O'Malley, and
Bruce Tsuchida
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MPE.2015.2462311
Date of publication: 20 October 2015

78

ieee power & energy magazine

W

WIND AND SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) GENERAtion, no longer alternative energy sources, have grown rapidly
in the United States and worldwide during the last decade.
This rapid growth is due to significantly improved technology (power electronics, controls, and physical attributes such
as tower heights and blades), plummeting costs, and vast
advancements in understanding how to plan and operate reliable regional power systems that have high penetrations of
variable renewable resources. Wind and PVs have become
mainstays of a clean, reliable, affordable electric grid.
The capital costs for installed wind and PV power plants
have dropped dramatically in recent years; independent
sources report wind energy as a least-cost energy resource
and at least one state has selected PVs as a least-cost capacity resource. At the same time, this fuel input is cost free,

1540-7977/15©2015IEEE

november/december 2015



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2015

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - November/December 2015 - Cover3
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