IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 107

C

M

Y

✔ El peso por longitud de unidad

cerca de 5 pies mayor que la caída del ACSR a 100 °C en la misma extensión de 1,000 pies (por
ejemplo, 40 frente a 35 pies).

es el mismo.
✔ Para la misma tensión instalada,
la caída del ACSS a 200  °C es

Capacidad térmica frente a TCMAX (aire a 35 °C, viento a 0.91 m/s, pleno sol)
3,000
ACSR de dos cardinales:
483 mm2 (994 kcmil)

2,500
Capacidad térmica (A)

mos. Los conductores ACCC (núcleo
de polímero), ACCR (núcleo de matriz
metálica), (Z)TACSR (aluminio de circonio) y G(Z)TACSR (tipo gap) consisten en cables de aluminio (templado o
de aleación de circonio) sobre un núcleo de acero, aleación de acero o compuesto, y cualquiera se puede emplear
para nuevas líneas, pero el costo suele
ser más alto que el de los ACSS. Su uso
puede tener sentido en ciertos diseños
de líneas compactas o conscientes del
medio ambiente. De manera similar,
los ACSS están disponibles con cables trapezoidales de aluminio con núcleos de acero de mucha más robustez
(HS285) y revestimiento de metal de
Misch que permite su uso a temperaturas tan altas como 250 °C. Todas estas
opciones para altas temperaturas deben
ser consideradas en un análisis detallado del diseño de la línea.
Aunque un diseño de línea detallado está fuera del alcance de esta columna, un análisis simplificado sobre
el impacto de la sustitución de ACSR
por ACSS del mismo DE en el costo del
proyecto será ilustrativo. Comparemos
los costos del proyecto principal de una
nueva línea que utiliza ACSR cardinales con aquellos que utilizan ACSS cardinales. En este caso, el tamaño de los
filamentos de aluminio y acero, el DE
y el diámetro del núcleo de acero son
los mismos para los dos conductores, y
los conectores de compresión para los
ACSS cardinales también se pueden
utilizar con los ACSR. La diferencia
entre los dos es, simplemente, que los
cables de aluminio de los ACSS han
sido totalmente templados y mantienen
sus propiedades eléctricas y mecánicas
a temperaturas tan altas como 250 °C.
Los filamentos con núcleo de acero en
los ACSS tienen una mayor resistencia
tensil que los de ACSR, pero se limitan
a 200  °C ya que están convencionalmente galvanizados. Impactos sobre el
diseño de la línea:
✔ La resistencia del ACSS cardinal es casi un 3 % menor que la
del ACSR cardinal (la conductividad del aluminio templado es
menor que la del aluminio totalmente duro).

Falcon ACSR:
806 mm2 (1,590 kcmil)

2,000

ACSR cardinal,
ACSS: 483 mm2 (954 kcmil)

1,500
1,000

Conductor para altas temp.

500
0
50

75

100

125

150
175
TCMAX (°C)

200

225

250

gráfico 2. Clasificación térmica frente a TCMÁX para haces de conductores
trifásicos de diferentes tamaños con el conductor monofásico más pequeño en
un rango de temperaturas máximas.
ai157927777218_IEEE 2.pdf

1

17/01/2020

16:16

Make a difference to our
ever-changing world
MSc Electrical Power Systems Engineering

CM

MY

CY

CMY

Develop and build your career in the rapidly evolving power
systems industry. Study part-time and completely online.
Join our next intake in September 2020.

K

studyonline@manchester.ac.uk
+44 (0)161 306 8333
manchester.ac.uk/powersystems


http://manchester.ac.uk/powersystems

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com