IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 63

La tensión nominal del transformador de 1,000 kV/1,000
MVA es de 1,000 kV para el bobinado primario, 500 kV
para el secundario y 110 kV para el terciario. Los dispositivos de compensación de potencia reactiva de baja tensión
están instalados en el bobinado de 110 kV. La capacidad
del bobinado de 110 kV está diseñada para ser mayor que
la capacidad instalada de los dispositivos de compensación
de potencia reactiva de baja tensión. Por ejemplo, el proyecto
del sureste de Jin-Nanyang-Jingmen requiere 840 Mvar de
compensación de potencia reactiva capacitiva y 960 Mvar de
compensación de potencia reactiva inductiva, pero la capacidad nominal del bobinado terciario está diseñada para 1,000
MVA. Las subestaciones de CA de UHV cuentan con bancos

de reactores y capacitores en derivación para el control de la
tensión. Para evitar la resonancia, los diseños requieren el
uso de menos del 100 % de la compensación en derivación.
En las subestaciones de Changzhi, Nanyang y Jingmen, los
condensadores de derivación están clasificados para proporcionar una compensación del 85-88 %.

Red inteligente de UHV
La tecnología inteligente de simulación, control y operación
es un objetivo del despliegue del sistema de UHV de la Red
Estatal. Para facilitar la planificación y el diseño de una gran
red de CA de UHV, se desarrolló un simulador híbrido digital/analógico para modelar el efecto de los dispositivos de

(a)

(b)

gráfico 1. El interior del centro de simulación de la Red Estatal desarrollado por el CEPRI utiliza la tecnología de vanguardia empleada en la investigación para comprender las características del sistema y mejorar la conciencia situacional:
(a) la sala de supercomputadoras y (b) la sala de control de supervisión. (fuente: CEPRI; utilizado con permiso).

SCADA /EMS
Interfaz de datos

Consola
Consola
electromecánica

Consola EM

Fibra óptica

Fibra óptica
Interfaz
física

Interfaz
física
Amplificador

Dispositivos probados

Amplificador

GPS
Electromecánica (ET)
Paralelo

Interfaz
CEI 61850

EM (EMT)
Dispositivos
probados

Dispositivos
probados

gráfico 2. Arquitectura del sistema ADPSS. CEI: Comisión Electrotécnica Internacional; ET: estabilidad de los transitorios.
marzo/abril 2020 	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

63



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2020 - Cover4
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