IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 22

Seguridad
operativa

El caso de Texas

Por Julia Matevosyan, Shun Hsien Huang,
Pengwei Du, Nitika Mago y Rochie Guiyab

E

EL CONSEJO DE CONFIABILIDAD ELÉCtrica de Texas (ERCOT, por sus siglas en inglés)
es el operador del sistema de transmisión independiente que gestiona el flujo de la potencia
eléctrica para suplir el 90  % de la carga eléctrica del estado. La carga de todo el sistema del
ERCOT llegó a 74,820 MW el 12 de agosto de
2019.
La región del ERCOT es una de las cuatro
interconexiones de red eléctrica en Norteamérica y tiene solo una conexión limitada de
1.2 GW de enlaces de corriente continua a sus
redes vecinas. Gestiona la potencia de una red
eléctrica que incluye más de 46,500 millas de
líneas de transmisión y más de 650 unidades de
generación. En los últimos 15 años, el ERCOT
ha experimentado un aumento significativo en
la generación de energía renovable, que en su
mayor parte son fuentes de generación eólica
conectadas a la red de transmisión. Al observar
las nuevas solicitudes de interconexión de generación, se espera que las fuentes de generación
eólica y solar sean las fuentes primarias que se
sumen en el futuro. Desde septiembre de 2020,
el ERCOT tiene una capacidad de generación
eólica instalada de ~25 GW y una capacidad de
generación de potencia solar de ~3.6 GW (figura 1)
conectadas a la red de transmisión. Se espera
conectar a la red de transmisión ~13.4 GW de proyectos eólicos planificados y casi 16 GW de proyectos solares planificados de forma adicional
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.3043611
Fecha de la versión actual: 19 de febrero de 2021

22

ieee power & energy magazine

1540-7977/21©2021IEEE

marzo/abril 2021



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover4
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