IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 67

©SHUTTERSTOCK.COM/STEFANO EMBER

La seguridad del sistema eléctrico se define como la
capacidad del sistema de resistir perturbaciones repentinas
o la pérdida inesperada de los elementos del sistema, y se
relaciona estrechamente con la adecuación, confiabilidad
e integridad del sistema. El presente artículo trata aspectos
de seguridad en la operación de la red de transmisión de
alta tensión a partir de restricciones medioambientales o de
transmisión, y se centra en el caso de Suiza. Nos enfocamos
específicamente en la inseguridad en estado estacionario,
concretamente en las violaciones en los flujos de las líneas
de transmisión o los límites de tensión de los nodos luego de
una contingencia de componentes, sin considerar aspectos
dinámicos como el mantenimiento del sincronismo y la estabilidad del sistema después de la perturbación.
En primer lugar, describimos la filosofía operativa actual de
Swissgrid, el gestor de redes de transmisión (GRT) suizo, que
también es comúnmente aplicada por otros GRT de Europa.
Luego, identificamos los riesgos potenciales de esta filosofía
operativa, que ejemplificamos a través de un análisis de eventos
recientes de la red en el sistema eléctrico suizo y lo enlazamos
con las tendencias observadas en la operación del sistema. Por
marzo/abril 2021	

último, sostenemos que se necesita un nuevo paradigma operativo para mitigar dichos riesgos en la red de transmisión del
futuro. Esta nueva filosofía se apoya en el análisis de datos y
los sistemas de soporte a las decisiones (SSD) para ayudar en el
trabajo de los operadores de sistemas, y presentamos ejemplos
de iniciativas relevantes recientes de Swissgrid.

Desafíos en seguridad y la filosofía
operativa de los operadores de sistemas
de transmisión en la actualidad
La seguridad del sistema eléctrico es una de las responsabilidades clave de los GRT. En este artículo se profundiza la
forma en que se aborda la seguridad del sistema en la planificación y los procedimientos operativos en Suiza. Pese al
enfoque suizo, los principios de la filosofía operativa que se
describen aquí se aplican a otros GRT de Europa también.

Las características únicas
del sistema eléctrico suizo
El sistema de transmisión suizo está fuertemente interconectado con sus países vecinos. De hecho, hay 41 líneas de
ieee power & energy magazine 	

67


http://www.SHUTTERSTOCK.COM/STEFANO

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0304_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0102_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com