IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 91

©SHUTTERSTOCK.COM/SERGIOSH

La red frágil
La física y la economía de los servicios de seguridad en
los sistemas eléctricos con bajas emisiones de carbono

E

EN TODO EL MUNDO, EXISTEN FUERZAS INCONtenibles respecto a los sistemas eléctricos con bajas emisiones de carbono que pueden apoyar la lucha contra el cambio
climático y ayudar a resolver los problemas de seguridad del
suministro en muchos países. Es probable que las redes con
bajas emisiones de carbono se caractericen por importantes fuentes de energía renovable, tanto centralizadas como
distribuidas, combinadas con tecnología inteligente y dinámica del lado de la demanda y electrificación multisectorial (incluida la calefacción, el transporte y los combustibles futuros). En este contexto, resolver con éxito el trilema
energético " asequibilidad-sostenibilidad-confiabilidad " es
crucial para allanar el camino hacia futuros energéticos con
bajas emisiones de carbono.
Al observar el pilar de la " confiabilidad " en el trilema,
resulta evidente que estas transformaciones son de una

escala sin precedentes y representan amenazas significativas
para la seguridad operativa. Muchos de estos se están experimentando actualmente en el Mercado Eléctrico Nacional
de Australia (NEM), que tiene una de las penetraciones de
energía renovable instantánea más altas del mundo, con un
75 % proyectado para 2025.
Debido a los cambios en las características físicas del sistema y en los recursos del lado de la oferta y la demanda
conectados a él, las redes bajas en carbono pueden ser intrínsecamente más frágiles y, por lo tanto, menos seguras y
menos resilientes. La nueva física del sistema también tiene
un impacto profundo en su economía: en los requerimientos
para los servicios de seguridad y en las medidas técnicas,
comerciales, normativas y de políticas que buscan adquirir
dichos servicios. Estos aspectos se analizan a fondo en el
resto de este artículo.

Por Pierluigi Mancarella y Farhad Billimoria
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.3043570
Fecha de la versión actual: 19 de febrero de 2021

marzo/abril 2021

1540-7977/21©2021IEEE

ieee power & energy magazine

91


http://www.SHUTTERSTOCK.COM/SERGIOSH

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - March/April 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0304_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0102_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com