Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 36

Resumen

36

La conversión de líneas de transmisión de CA a CC se presenta como una solución atractiva para llevar la energía a
gran escala a grandes centros de carga y eliminar puntos de
congestión críticos de la red a través de la optimización de
los activos existentes. Esto se enfatiza aún más en el contexto
actual, en el que los servicios públicos y los desarrolladores
se enfrentan con permisos y requisitos ambientales estrictos
cuando buscan adquirir nuevas servidumbres de paso.
Este artículo presentó los desafíos técnicos y las consideraciones que enfrenta la conversión de CA a CC, incluidas las
opciones de configuración, el aislamiento, el ruido audible,
el efecto corona, la selección de tensión y las consideraciones
de planificación. También se presentó una metodología para
clasificar las opciones de conversión. La conversión de CA a
CC abre la puerta a muchas posibilidades y tiene el potencial
de lograr que grandes proyectos de desarrollo, que de otra
manera se detendrían en su camino, sean económicamente
viables. La solución óptima de conversión de CA a CC tiene
que ser considerada caso por caso y dependerá de muchos
factores, incluidos el costo, las condiciones de los conductores y de las torres existentes, los factores ambientales, la
disponibilidad de terrenos para las estaciones convertidoras
y los electrodos a tierra, los requisitos de duración para las
interrupciones del servicio y los criterios de funcionamiento.

goteo de una gota de agua en un electrodo conductor-t-tierra
con una tensión de CA aplicada), en Proc. Conf. electrostática conjunta. 2018, págs. 1-10.
A. Edris, L. Barthold, D. A. Douglass, W. H. Litzenberger, y D. A. Woodford, "Upgrading ac transmission to dc
for maximum power transfer capacity" (Actualización de
la transmisión de CA a CC para una capacidad máxima de
transferencia de energía), en Proc. 12º Conf. Int. sobre el
sistema de energía de Medio Oriente., 2008, págs. 44-49.
L. Barthold, R. Adapa, H. Clark, y D. Woodford, "System
advantages in conversion of AC transmission lines to DC"
(Ventajas para el sistema en la conversión de líneas de transmisión de CA a CC), en Proc. 9º IET Conf. Int. Transmisión
de energía de CA y CC, 2010, págs. 1-5.
X. Zhang y L. Yao, "A vision of electricity network congestion management with FACTS and HVDC" (Una visión
de la gestión de congestión de la red de electricidad con
FACTS y HVDC), en Proc. Tercera Conf. Int. Desregulación y reestructuración de los servicios eléctricos y tecnologías energéticas, 2008, págs. 116-121.
X. Zhang, L. Yao, B. Chong, C. Sasse, y K. R. Gedfrey,
"FACTS and HVDC technologies for the development of future power systems" (Tecnologías de FACTS y HVDC para
el desarrollo de sistemas energéticos futuros), en Proc. Conf.
Int. Sistemas de energía futuros, 2005, pág. 6.

Lecturas complementarias

Biografías

Conseil International des Grands Réseaux Électriques Grupo de trabajo conjunto B2.41, "Guide to the conversion of
existing ac lines to dc operation" (Guía para la conversión
de líneas de CA existentes para el funcionamiento de CC),
Conseil International des Grands Réseaux Électriques, París, Francia, Folleto No. 583, 2014.
P. Xu, B. Zhang, S. Chen, yK. He, "Criterion of dripping
discharge of falling water droplet on a conductor-t-ground
electrode with AC voltage applied" (Criterio de descarga por

Tayeb Meridji pertenece a SNC-Lavalin, Montreal, Canadá.
Frida Ceja-Gomez pertenece a SNC-Lavalin, Montreal,
Canadá.
Jose Restrepo pertenece a SNC-Lavalin, Vancouver, Canadá.
Ramy Azar pertenece a SNC-Lavalin, Montreal, Canadá.

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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
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