Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 38

Por Neil Kirby

L

LA ELECTRÓNICA DE ALTA POTENCIA
se ha empleado en sistemas de transmisión y
distribución durante muchos años, utilizando
convertidores de fuente de corriente basados en
tiristores. Este enfoque ha hecho posible la instalación de aproximadamente 200 sistemas de
corriente continua de alta tensión (HVdc) y más
de 1,000 sistemas estáticos de compensación
de VAR en todo el mundo. La introducción de
convertidores de fuente de tensión (VSC, por sus
siglas en inglés) en todo el rango de tensión de
transmisión y distribución ha despertado un gran
interés en explorar muchas aplicaciones que antes
eran inaccesibles. Los planificadores de redes de
CA se han dedicado a mantener la estabilidad de
las redes de CA con una carga cada vez mayor
y una combinación de generación en evolución,
tratando de integrar de forma más eficaz la energía renovable a niveles energéticos cada vez más
altos. Se pueden identificar algunas tendencias
importantes en la industria de CC más amplia,
cada una de las cuales tiene sus propios cronogramas e impulsores, incluyendo las siguientes:
✔ una preferencia cada vez mayor por los
VSC en lugar de los convertidores conmutados por línea (LCC, por sus siglas en
inglés) tradicionales, lo que aumenta la digitalización en los sistemas de HVdc
✔ el objetivo a largo plazo en algunas regiones de crear
redes de CC
✔ el creciente interés a corto plazo en el uso de la corriente continua de media tensión (MVdc), lo que incluye las microrredes.

La tecnología VSC domina
los nuevos proyectos
Los VSC se están convirtiendo rápidamente en la tecnología preferida en algunas partes del mundo, especialmente en
Europa, para proyectos de transmisión de HVdc con capacidades nominales iguales o inferiores a aproximadamente

Tendencias actuales
en CC
Convertidores de fuente
de tensión

Identificador del Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2019.2897406
Fecha de publicación: 17 de abril de 2019

38

ieee power & energy magazine

1540-7977/19©2019IEEE

mayo/junio 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 2
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
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