Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 39

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y las interconexiones entre Francia
y España, Francia e Italia, Francia
y el Reino Unido, el Reino Unido
y Noruega, el Reino Unido y Bélgica, y muchos otros. El desarrollo
eólico marítimo en Europa ha dado
pie a la construcción a gran escala
de un gran número de enlaces de
transmisión de HVdc marítimos de
VSC. En los próximos cinco años,
aproximadamente, pueden surgir
varios derivados de esta topología básica. Esta lista incluirá los
MMC de puente completo y sus
equivalentes, como los convertidores híbridos o de brazo alternativo,
que ofrecen un rendimiento y una
función de falla similares a los que
han venido ofreciendo los LCC
tradicionales basados en tiristores
durante muchos años.
Los sistemas tradicionales
LCC de HVdc han sido configurados y construidos como enlaces
individuales e independientes que
deben tener en cuenta otros enlaces de HVdc cercanos en términos
de potencial para interacciones
voluntarias (es decir, control coordinado) e involuntarias (por ejemplo, durante las perturbaciones del
sistema de CA) entre estos enlaces
a través de una red de CA común.
Tradicionalmente, se han desarrollado muy pocos ejemplos de
sistemas de HVdc en cuanto a la futura expansión a las redes

1,400 MW. El VSC más usado actualmente es el convertidor
modular multinivel (MMC) de medio puente, que se muestra en el gráfico 1, dispuesto en forma de circuito monopolo
simétrico, como figura en el gráfico 2. Dado que, en los
próximos años, la capacidad actual de los VSC seguirá evolucionando y aumentando con los semiconductores actuales
y futuros, se prevé que la preferencia por los VSC también
siga en aumento.
La tecnología VSC ofrece simplicidad, modularidad y
flexibilidad en las operaciones, características que a menudo
la hacen más atractiva ante nuevos usuarios potenciales, ya
que no posee las restricciones de personalización específicas de cada proyecto, las cuales son parte inherente de las
tecnologías LCC más tradicionales. El sistema VSC es más
bien un sistema físico estándar con personalización principalmente en los transformadores de la interfaz y el software
de control y protección de HVdc.
La tecnología MMC de monopolo simétrico ha abierto las
puertas del mercado a la tecnología VSC, con gran cantidad
de enlaces en funcionamiento y en construcción alrededor
del mundo. Entre ellos se encuentran el proyecto Trans Bay
Cable en San Francisco, el SouthWest Link (SWL) en Suecia,
mayo/junio 2019

gráfico 1. Un submódulo VSC MMC.
ieee power & energy magazine

39


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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 3
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
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