Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 40

La tecnología VSC presenta la posibilidad realista
de ampliar en el futuro la interconexión de los enlaces HVdc
individuales del lado de la CC.
de CC. La tecnología VSC presenta la posibilidad realista de
ampliar en el futuro la interconexión de los enlaces HVdc individuales del lado de la CC. Esto está fomentando la necesidad
y el desarrollo de convertidores de CC a CC a una capacidad de
CC de alta tensión, así como de disyuntores de CC.

Herramientas de digitalización para
mejorar el rendimiento y la gestión de
activos

ción de una representación virtual que utilice comunicación
remota segura y el análisis. Esto, que ya viene ocurriendo en
otras industrias, ofrecerá importantes beneficios en futuros
sistemas de HVdc.

Redes de CC

Los sistemas de HVdc que utilizan la tecnología VSC se volvieron una solución de uso general hace aproximadamente 10
años, y el Consejo Internacional de Grandes Sistemas EléctriEl tema de la gestión de activos ha sido durante mucho cos (Conseil International des Grands Réseaux Électriques,
tiempo el foco de atención de los usuarios de sistemas de CIGRÉ) reconoció la necesidad de establecer una estructura
HVdc, con una gama cada vez mayor de herramientas digi- en torno a la especificación de los sistemas del futuro, lo que
tales y analíticas a su disposición. La próxima generación de permitiría el desarrollo de estándares y, con el tiempo, la creaherramientas analíticas digitales con visualización en tiempo ción de redes de CC. Se han instalado sistemas VSC multiterreal que permiten el monitoreo remoto, análisis, diagnóstico, minales. Pero, si consideramos una red de CC como una intertendencias, etc., ya están siendo utilizadas en el sector de conexión de malla, se podría decir que no existe una red de
la generación de energía eléctrica y en otras industrias (por CC en funcionamiento en ninguna parte del mundo. Más bien,
ejemplo, en la aviación). Recientemente, estas herramientas existe un número cada vez mayor de enlaces de CC individuatambién se han aplicado a la gestión de activos de HVdc y les de VSC. Sin embargo, las tecnologías VSC utilizadas en
han demostrado su valor no solo para los propietarios de los estos enlaces individuales se especifican e implementan geneactivos, sino también para los fabricantes, quienes pueden ralmente dentro de los lineamientos de CIGRÉ. El desarrollo
participar de forma más activa en el monitoreo y mante- futuro de nuevos enlaces de CC en una región determinada,
nimiento proactivo de los activos físicos mediante la crea- junto con los convertidores de CC a CC y los disyuntores de
CC, permitirá la interconexión de
estos enlaces individuales en las
redes de CC en el futuro, aunque
este futuro seguirá planteando
importantes desafíos que no deben
ser trivializados. Mientras tanto,
deben abordarse muchas interrogantes, especialmente en lo que
se refiere a la integración de los
actuales sistemas de control y protección de HVdc de VSC en los
futuros sistemas con capacidad de
conexión a la red.
Se está utilizando cada vez más
la simulación y las herramientas
analíticas, entre ellas
✔ herramientas de software de escritorio
✔ simulación y pruebas en tiempo
real
✔ desarrollo de hardware-inthe-loop
✔ réplicas de control de HVdc
gráfico 2. VSC de ±300 kVdc instalados en un hall de válvula de HVdc.
✔ réplicas de redes.
40

ieee power & energy magazine

mayo/junio 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 3
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
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