Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 64

circuitos equivalentes con un modelo detallado de red de
colector. Los planificadores mejorarán los modelos a medida
que los datos adicionales se pongan a disposición. Actualizarán los estudios de armónicos durante la fase de planificación del proyecto.
Después de que los resultados del estudio mostraran que
los problemas de armónicos de fondo ocurren in situ (en la
conexión marítima o terrestre), los planificadores exploran
varias soluciones. La opción elegida generalmente necesita
filtros pasivos convencionales en las subestaciones terrestres. Inicialmente, se consideró la instalación de filtros en
las plataformas de los parques eólicos marítimos, pero se
demostró que esta solución generalmente no era rentable
porque necesitaba una plataforma más grande.

Simulación en tiempo real como
herramienta complementaria y
obligatoria
Fundamento para la simulación en tiempo real

El uso de herramientas EMT fuera de línea es esencial para
conducir estudios del sistema de equipos basados en electrónica de potencia. Para los estudios de desempeño funcional y dinámico de los dispositivos electrónicos de potencia,
normalmente son suficientes las herramientas EMT fuera de
línea (es decir, EMTP-RV o diseños de sistemas de energía
con ayuda de computadoras/transitorias electromagnéticas
que incluyen CA) para cubrir una amplia gama de fenómenos. Sin embargo, el uso exclusivo de los modelos EMT de
electrónica de potencia fuera de
línea genera varios problemas o
limitaciones.
Equipos físicos
Sistema de control y protección
✔ La configuración del sistema de
control y protección se actualiza
continuamente in situ durante la
vida útil operativa de los dispositivos electrónicos de potencia.
Sin embargo, en términos generales, los modelos fuera de línea
no reflejan los cambios. Por lo
Réplicas
Mediciones de
tanto, con el paso del tiempo,
ttensión/corriente
ensión/corriente
Simulador en tiempo real
los modelos EMT fuera de línea
Estatus del Dis
de la electrónica de potencia se
Pulsos de
alimentación
vuelven menos precisos para
realizar los estudios del sistema
necesarios a fin de cumplir con
los requisitos de confiabilidad.
gráfico 5. Una descripción del controlador réplica de electrónica de potencia. Dis: ✔ La vida útil de un dispositivo
Disyuntor. (Imágenes cortesía de RTE).
electrónico de potencia suele
ser aproximadamente entre 15
y 20 años. A tan largo plazo, las
versiones de software de EMT
Occurre incidente in situ
cambian y los modelos de electrónica de potencia pueden no
Recolección de datos in situ
ser compatibles con las nuevas
de la estación del convertidor y red de CA
versiones de software.
✔ Los modelos EMT fuera de líControlar si el incidente es
nea de electrónica de potencia
dentro o fuera de la estación
reflejan una funcionalidad limitada para acelerar la simulación
Si es fuera, controle si la HVdc
Si es dentro, controle si se debe al equipo
fuera de línea. Por ejemplo, las
ha funcionado correctamente
de HV, Hardware o problema de software
secuencias de arranque y arranque autógeno simplificadas y/o
Actualización de nuevo
* Repita el incidente en la réplica
aceleradas suelen estar presentes
software/firmware
* Realice estudios de sensibilidad
en los modelos de electrónica de
* Estudie la solución de mitigación
potencia fuera de línea.
✔ Los estudios precisos necesitan
Intercambio con proveedores
usar modelos que reflejen completamente el sistema de control
y protección instalado, el cual a
gráfico 6. Un diagrama de flujo del estudio de un incidente típico.
64

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mayo/junio 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
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