Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 65

menudo es extraordinariamente complejo. Como resultado, el
modelo de electrónica de potencia simplificado fuera de línea
puede no contar con la precisión
suficiente para realizar análisis de
redes.
Para hacer frente a dichos desafíos, algunos servicios
públicos han creado laboratorios de simulación en tiempo
real. Su meta es conectar réplicas del controlador a un simulador en tiempo real en una configuración de HIL. (Una
réplica es una copia exacta del sistema de control y protección real instalado in situ). El gráfico 5 brinda una descripción de la configuración de una réplica. En 2011, RTE
creó un laboratorio de simulación en tiempo real llamado
SMARTE. RTE compra e instala controladores de réplica en
el laboratorio en tiempo real para cada nuevo proyecto de
electrónica de potencia de HV instalado en la red francesa.

tabla 1. Un resumen de los proyectos de HVdc.
Enlace de IFA2000

Enlace de INELFE

*   Encargado en 1986
*   Válvulas y paneles de control 
renovados en 2012
*   Tecnología LCC
*   Configuración bipolar
*   Cables impregnados en masa
*   Puentes de 12 pulsos
*   2*1,000 MW
*   Tensión de CC ± 270 kV
*   Lados de CA 400 kV, 50 Hz

*   Encargado en 2015
*   Tecnología de VSC
*   Configuración 
monopolo
*   Cable de polietileno 
reticulado
*   MMC
*   2*1,000 MW / ±2*300 
Mvar
*   Tensión de CC ± 320 kV
*   Lados de CA 400 kV, 
50 Hz

Descripción de las réplicas
Los modelos de EMT fuera de línea siguen siendo vitales para llevar a cabo varios estudios, pero la simulación
de HIL en tiempo real (incluidas las réplicas) proporciona

Energía + 1,000 MW
Sellindge

Les Mandarins
Cable 44

Poste cuatro lados B

Poste cuatro lados A

Cable 43

Poste tres lados A

Poste tres lados B

Cable 34

Cable 33
(a)

(b)

gráfico 7. (a) El incidente de falla de polo a tierra de CC y (b) el daño al cable después del incidente.
mayo/junio 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

65



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
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