Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 66

características adicionales y es una herramienta precisa y
confiable para estudios a largo plazo. Sin embargo, validar
los resultados de la simulación puede constituir un desafío
porque es posible que la simulación en tiempo real implique tener que simplificar para cumplir con las limitaciones
en tiempo real. Desarrollar modelos precisos y validar sus
resultados puede llevar mucho tiempo y esfuerzo.

Corriente (kA)

5
Idc Poste4 Hypersim
Idc Poste4 in situ

4
3
2
1
0.16

0.17

0.18

0.19
0.2
Tiempo (s)
(a)

0.21

0.22

160

(°)

120
80
Alpha P4 Hypersim [HYP1]
P4 Alpha L1

40
0
0.16

0.17

0.18

0.19
0.2
Tiempo (s)
(b)

0.21

Además, el uso de réplicas requiere
✔ suficiente personal con habilidades técnicas avanzadas
y un conocimiento de los sistemas de HVdc y FACTS
✔ ingenieros y personal capacitados para apoyar las actividades de mantenimiento
✔ software controlador y actualizaciones de firmware
validados.
Las réplicas permiten llevar a cabo estudios técnicamente
avanzados que incluyen
✔ desarrollar especificaciones detalladas de los nuevos
equipos que optimizan el desempeño del sistema
✔ investigar los fenómenos de interacción relacionados
con dispositivos de HVdc y FACTS
✔ examinar las aplicaciones de múltiples proveedores
✔ considerar esquemas de múltiples entradas
✔ probar el software controlador y las actualizaciones
de firmware
✔ mejorar los modelos fuera de línea mediante comparaciones contra simulaciones con réplicas.
El laboratorio en tiempo real incluye tanto simuladores
digitales Hypersim como en tiempo real. Además de los
estudios del sistema, los usuarios de la plataforma de simulación en tiempo real realizan actividades de I+D y desarrollo
de software.

0.22
Energía activa

gráfico 8. Comparaciones entre los resultados de IFA2000 
in situ (curvas azules) y los resultados de simulación en
tiempo real (curvas rojas) en términos de (a) corriente de
CC y (b) ángulo de retraso alfa.

Tensión de CC

300
Tensión (kV)

200

(a)

100

Energía activa

0
-100
-200
-300
0.16

0.17

0.18

0.19
0.2
Tiempo (s)

0.21

0.22

Energía
reactiva

Vdc Poste4 Hypersim
Vdc Poste4 in situ
Vdc Poste4 Hypersim PC
(b)

gráfico 9. Comparaciones entre los resultados in situ
(curvas azules) y de la simulación en tiempo real (curvas
en rojo) para IFA2000 y el impacto del modelo de cable. 
La curva verde representa los resultados de la simulación
en tiempo real, donde se modeló el cable de CC como un 
modelo de parámetro constante. PC: parámetro constante.
66

ieee power & energy magazine

gráfico 10. Comparaciones entre los resultados in situ
(curvas azules) y de la simulación en tiempo real (curvas
en rojo) para INELFE: (a) un incidente de bloqueo/desbloqueo del convertidor y (b) un cambio de paso de la energía
activa.
mayo/junio 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
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