Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 83

del sistema de potencia en el nivel del EMT porque la mayoría de los modelos utilizados en la herramienta del TSA se
pueden utilizar directamente. Además, permite una reducción significativa del número de procesadores de la RTS que
se necesitan para llevar a cabo los estudios.

En las últimas décadas, investigadores de varios países han
explorado este enfoque de intercalar la simulación del EMT
fuera de línea o en tiempo real con el TSA para ayudar a
los ingenieros a simular sistemas mucho más grandes al
tiempo que reducen el costo, esfuerzo y tiempo necesarios
para configurar y ejecutar el sistema. Además, el ingeniero
puede analizar los aspectos del comportamiento dinámico
del sistema que posiblemente se pasaron por alto en un estudio puro del EMT o del TSA. El valor de tal simulación ha
sido reconocido por algunas entidades, y dichos estudios han
producido con éxito un resultado significativo para concretar la idea de la cosimulación.

Exactitud de la simulación
Las herramientas existentes del TSA poseen limitaciones
para observar fenómenos como fallas de conmutación, desequilibrios del sistema, algunos tipos de dinámica de carga y
los efectos de grandes penetraciones de generadores basados en convertidores. Sin embargo, el HS permite directamente el análisis de las características del EMT. Debido a
que la herramienta del EMT realiza cálculos con valores de
fase instantáneos, mientras que la herramienta del TSA lo
hace con valores positivos de secuencia cuadrática media,

Simulación rápida y eficiente

La RTS utiliza un potente procesador informático. Lleva a
cabo simulaciones transitorias con entradas y salidas a un
hardware externo en tiempo real
y puede comunicarse en nanosegundos mediante la comunicación
TSA
por fibra óptica. La herramienta
del TSA permite el cálculo rápido
TSA
RTS
STATCOM
y preciso para grandes sistemas
RTS
de potencia mediante un algo1.5 GW
ritmo de cálculo rápido y ofrece
una interfaz fácil de usar con
LCC HVdc
la RTS. El HS puede realizar
la RTS vía TSA y RTS intercalando la memoria intermedia de
345 kV
una matriz de puertas programa765 kV
HVdc
345 kV
ble en campo (FPGA). Como se
765 kV
muestra en el gráfico 8, el TSA
HVdc
y la RTS acceden a las FPGA en
cada intervalo para intercambiar
soluciones, dado que el momento gráfico 13. Una rrepresentación del RTS y el límite del TSA para realizar una cony la sincronización correctos del tingencia de 765 kV de doble circuito cerca de HVdc para comparar el rendimiento
intercambio de datos entre la pla- entre el RTS completo y el HS.
taforma del TSA y de la RTS son
de importancia crítica en el HS.
Comparación de la energía de la HVdc

Simulación conveniente

mayo/junio 2019

0.8
P (p.u.)

Se necesita un análisis de impacto
en todo el sistema para planificar el sistema de la HVdc. Sin
embargo, esto implicaría grandes
requisitos de hardware para satisfacer las necesidades de cálculo
con la utilización solo de la RTS.
El HS clasifica el área de interés
simulada con la RTS como el sistema interno y el sistema restante
simulado con la herramienta del
TSA como el sistema externo.
Este proceso reduce significativamente el tiempo que se requiere
para modelar cada componente

TSA con tres generadores activados
TSA con cuatro generadores activados
HS con tres generadores activados

1

0.6
0.4
0.2
0

0

1

2

3

4

5
6
Tiempo (s)

7

8

9

10

gráfico 14. La comparación de los resultados de la simulación entre la herramienta
del TSA y del HS en la contingencia de 765 kV de doble circuito.
ieee power & energy magazine

83



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
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