Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 99

reactiva se han vuelto severos debido a la carga excesiva de la línea, lo cual hace que la transmisión de
CA en dichas aplicaciones no sea práctica.
La transmisión en CC de alta tensión (HVdc, por sus siglas en inglés) ha sido utilizada desde 1954.
Gracias a importantes avances tecnológicos, su uso ha despegado en los últimos 20 años. Dichos avances incluyen a los dispositivos electrónicos de alta potencia, como los tiristores y, más recientemente,
los transistores, los cuales han permitido el desarrollo de convertidores de fuente de tensión (VSC, por
sus siglas en inglés). La gran mayoría de los sistemas de HVdc comprenden una línea simple o cable y
utilizan un convertidor CA-CC en cada extremo. La conexión directa de múltiples líneas de CC en redes
no ha sido posible, principalmente porque no ha habido disponibilidad CB para CC adecuados. Sim
embargo, en los últimos cinco años, se han construido dos sistemas HVdc de terminal mútiple en modo
VSC en China, mientras que otros están siendo diseñados y desarrollados.
Las redes de transmisión de CC, un avance tecnológico sustancial sobre las conexiones de HVdc
punto a punto están siendo consideradas para muchas aplicaciones en todo el mundo. En Europa, investigadores involucrados en varios grandes proyectos han estudiado el uso de una red de CC con cable en el
Mar del Norte para integrar grandes cantidades de energía eólica offshore y fortalecer las interconexiones entre países de la Unión Europea. En China, ya existen planes para la construcción de una red de CC
de cuatro terminales con líneas aéreas.
Para que las redes de CC funcionen, el mercado debe ofrecer CB para
CC, preferentemente de múltiples proveedores. Estos CB deben brindar
un desempeño y una confiabilidad aceptables, asegurar bajas pérdidas
y estar disponibles en tamaños prácticos a un costo razonable. Se ha
aprendido mucho de la larga experiencia con tecnologías de CB de CA, los cuales están estandarizados en alta tensión y capacidades nominales. Sin
embargo, no son adecuadas para las aplicaciones de CC, y las tecnologías para CB de CC
diferirán sustancialmente de aquellas para
los CB de CA. Los requisitos de desempeño de los CB para CC en las redes de
CC son más rigurosos. Además, abrir
un circuito de CC es mucho más desafiante técnicamente que abrir un
circuito de CA.

mayo/junio 2019

ieee power & energy magazine

©ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/SMARTBOY10

Apropiándose de las grandes ventajas
de las redes de transmisión de CC

99


http://www.ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/SMARTBOY10

Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 4
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 5
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 6
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 7
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 8
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 9
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 10
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 11
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 12
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 13
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 14
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 15
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 16
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 17
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 18
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 19
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 20
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 21
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 22
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 23
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 24
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 25
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 26
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 27
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 28
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 29
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 30
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 31
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 32
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 33
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 34
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 35
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 36
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 37
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 38
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 39
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 40
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 41
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 42
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 43
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 44
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 45
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 46
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 47
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 48
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 49
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 50
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 51
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 52
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 53
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 54
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 55
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 56
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 57
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 58
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 59
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 60
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 61
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 62
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 63
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 64
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 65
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 66
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 67
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 68
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 69
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 70
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 71
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 72
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 73
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 74
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 75
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 76
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 77
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 78
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 79
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 80
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 81
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 82
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 83
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 84
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 85
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 86
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 87
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 88
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 89
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 90
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 91
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 92
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 93
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 94
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 95
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 96
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 97
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 98
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 99
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 100
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 101
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 102
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 103
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 104
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 105
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 106
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 107
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 108
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 109
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 110
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 111
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 112
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 113
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 114
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 115
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 116
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 117
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 118
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 119
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 120
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 121
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 122
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 123
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 124
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 125
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 126
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 127
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 128
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 129
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 130
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 131
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 132
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 133
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 134
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 135
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 136
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 137
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 138
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 139
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 140
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 141
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 142
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 143
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - 144
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0304_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0102_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com