IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 22

Las tarifas
del mañana

Por Ahmad Faruqui y Cecile Bourbonnais

A

ACTUALMENTE, LA MAYORÍA DE LOS CLIENTES
residenciales estadounidenses paga tarifas de servicio eléctrico estructuradas en dos partes, que constan de un cargo
mensual fijo y un cargo volumétrico de energía expresado en
dólares estadounidenses por kilovatio-hora. El componente
de cargo fijo, generalmente, comprende una pequeña porción de la factura dominada por el cargo volumétrico.
La crisis energética de California en 2001-2002 desencadenó un gran debate sobre la necesidad de conectar mejor
el mercado minorista y mayorista. Desde entonces, se ha
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2020.2972136
Fecha de la versión actual: 17 de abril de 2020

22

ieee power & energy magazine

llevado a cabo una enorme cantidad de programas piloto con
tasas variables en el tiempo. La evidencia empírica muestra
que los clientes pueden entender y responder a los incentivos
proporcionados por nuevas tarifas que transmiten la estructura de costos de la electricidad a los clientes. Adicionalmente, los medidores inteligentes actuales rastrean el uso
energético de la mitad de todos los clientes residenciales de
los Estados Unidos, lo cual elimina una barrera importante
para la implementación de las tarifas modernas.
La introducción de tecnologías digitales inteligentes, las
preferencias variables de los consumidores y las nuevas políticas estatales que promueven fuentes de energía renovables
han puesto en duda la sostenibilidad del modelo comercial

1540-7977/20©2020IEEE

mayo/junio 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover4
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