IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 39

El grado de sofisticación en la fijación de precios en la red
ha mejorado dramáticamente en los últimos 30 años, alejándose de la exclusiva asignación de costos y acercándose a
la fijación de precios que reflejan los costos, indicando las
características de la red y sus usuarios para mejorar la utilización general de la red. La descarbonización y la digitalización han cambiado fundamentalmente el panorama energético, y han creado grandes incertidumbres en la demanda
de los clientes y el uso de la red, así como las perspectivas
futuras. Estos cambios desafían los principios actuales y las
metodologías de tarificación de la energía eléctrica, que no
consideran adecuadamente las incertidumbres en el uso de la
red por parte del cliente. Muchos tipos de regímenes regulatorios pueden abordar este problema.
En este artículo, cuantificamos la diversidad en la red y
la incertidumbre del cliente, identificamos oportunidades
para mitigar la incertidumbre mediante el uso compartido
de la red y la respuesta a la demanda del cliente y los activos del generador, y propusimos direcciones futuras para la
fijación de precios en la red que ofrecen un acceso flexible a
la red para mitigar las incertidumbres. Al hacerlo, el riesgo
de cometer errores en inversiones costosas puede reducirse
sustancialmente, y los operadores de red pueden ser recompensados por su capacidad mejorada para mitigar las incertidumbres.

government/statistics/digest-of-united-kingdom-energy
-statistics-dukes-2016-main-chapters-and-annexes
F. Li et al., "Distribution pricing: Are we ready for the
smart grid?" (Fijación de precios de distribución: ¿estamos
preparados para la red inteligente?), IEEE Power Energy
Mag., vol. 13, n.º 4, págs. 76-86, julio 2015. doi: 10.1109/
MPE.2015.2416112.
"Structure of electricity distribution charges: Consultation on the longer term charging framework" (Estructura de los cargos de distribución de electricidad: consulta
sobre el marco de cobro a largo plazo), Ofgem, 2005. [En
línea]. Disponible: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications
-and-updates/structure-electricity-distribution-charges
-consultation-longer-term-charging-framework
F. Li y D. L. Tolley, "Long-run incremental cost pricing
based on unused capacity" (Fijación de precios de costo incremental a largo plazo basados en la capacidad no utilizada) IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 22, n.º 4, págs. 1683-1689,
2007. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2007.908469.
F. Li, D. Tolley, N. P. Padhy y J. Wang, "Framework for
assessing the economic efficiencies of long-run network pricing models" (Marco para evaluar la eficiencia económica
de los modelos de fijación de precios en la red a largo plazo),
IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 24, n.º 4, págs. 1641-1648,
2009. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2030283.
"Delivering the electricity distribution structure of charges project" (Entrega del proyecto de la estructura de cargos para la distribución de electricidad), Ofgem, 2008. [En
línea]. Disponible: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/-publicationsand-updates/delivering-electricity-distribution-structurecharges-project
"Project TransmiT" (Proyecto TransmiT), Ofgem, 2011.
[En línea]. Disponible: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/project-transmit
"Charging futures forum" (Foro de futuros de tarificación), Ofgem, 2017. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www.
ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/charging--f uturesforum

Lecturas complementarias

Biografías

"Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics (DUKES)
2016: Main chapters and annexes" (Recopilación de estadísticas energéticas del Reino Unido (DUKES) 2016: capítulos
principales y anexos), Department for Business, Energy and
Industrial Strategy, Gobierno del Reino Unido, Londres, 9
de sept. 2016. [En línea]. Disponible: https://www.gov.uk/

Furong Li pertenece a la Universidad de Bath, Reino Unido.
Chenghong Gu pertenece a la Universidad de Bath, Reino Unido.
Ran Li pertenece a la Universidad de Bath, Reino Unido.


con sus contrapartes distantes. Con el tiempo, este marco
de fijación de precios impulsaría una red eficiente preparada
para el futuro, que requeriría una inversión menor en la red y
se basaría más en operaciones de la red que reduzcan la congestión y las incertidumbres. Dichas redes proporcionarían
la capacidad de lidiar con las incertidumbres a corto plazo
en lugar de una red dominada por planes a largo plazo para
adiciones de activos de red, aunque los reguladores tendrían
que considerar los problemas de justicia social que surgirían
de los usuarios que requieren un servicio eléctrico fijo, como
los ancianos, los discapacitados y los cuidadores.

Resumen

mayo/junio 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

39


https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/digest-of-united-kingdom-energy-statistics-dukes-2016-main-chapters-and-annexes https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/digest-of-united-kingdom-energy-statistics-dukes-2016-main-chapters-and-annexes https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/structure-electricity-distribution-charges-consultation-longer-term-charging-framework https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/structure-electricity-distribution-charges-consultation-longer-term-charging-framework https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/structure-electricity-distribution-charges-consultation-longer-term-charging-framework https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/delivering-electricity-distribution-structure-charges-project https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/delivering-electricity-distribution-structure-charges-project https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/delivering-electricity-distribution-structure-charges-project https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/project-transmit https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/electricity/transmission-networks/charging/project-transmit https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/charging-futures-forum https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/charging-futures-forum https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/publications-and-updates/charging-futures-forum https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/digest-of-united-kingdom-energy-statistics-dukes-2016-main-chapters-and-annexes

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
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