IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 43

Costa Rica

Perú

(b)

República Dominicana

(a)

Colombia

80

El Salvador

85

Panamá

90

Chile

95

90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Argentina

SAIDI (h/año)

100

Chile
Cuba
Uruguay
Brasil
Argentina
Venezuela
Paraguay
Costa Rica
México
Ecuador
Colombia
República Dominicana
El Salvador
Panamá
Perú
Guatemala
Bolivia
Nicaragua
Honduras

Acceso (%)

105

Brasil

de costo promedio o marginal (o incremental) de la red. En
cuanto a los componentes de la tarifa en la factura de la electricidad, el costo de la energía se transmite generalmente a

Cuba

máxima baja, el invierno y el verano, y de día y de noche,
y en el espacio, por ejemplo, por empresa, por municipio
y por nivel de tensión), y pueden basarse en los principios

figura 2. Niveles de (a) electrificación y (b) confiabilidad en América Latina.
tabla 2. Facturas de consumidores finales y su desglose en tres países de América Latina (en US$).
Todas son de baja tensión.
Santiago, Chile

Quito,* Ecuador

Río de Janeiro, Brasil

Sector

Unidad

Residencial

Industrial

Residencial

Industrial

Residencial

Industrial

Generación

US$/mes

-

-

-

-

-

-

US$/kWh

0.1

0.08

0.03

0.03

0.06

0.06

US$/kW/mes

-

6.99

-

-

-

-

US$/mes

-

-

-

-

-

-

US$/kWh

0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.03

US$/kW/mes

-

-

-

-

-

-

Transmisión

Distribución
(incluida la
medición y la
facturación)

US$/mes

0.85

0.99

1.41

-

-

-

US$/kWh

0.02

-

0.05

0.03

0.03

0.03

US$/kW/mes

-

9.2

-

4.18

-

-

Otros

US$/mes

-

-

-

-

-

-

US$/kWh

0.001

0.001

0.01

0.01

0.03

0.03

US$/kW/mes

-

-

-

-

-

-

US$/mes

0.85

0.99

1.41

1.41

-

-

US$/kWh

0.14

0.1

0.1

0.08

0.16

0.16

US$/kW/mes

-

16.2

-

4.18

-

-

tarifa
de kWh
con hasta
tres niveles
en un día

tarifas de
kWh y
kW sin
variaciones
de tiempo

Sin
variaciones
de tiempo

tarifa de
kWh con
hasta tres
niveles en
un día

Sin
variaciones
de tiempo

Sin
variaciones
de tiempo

Total

Resolución
temporal
(máxima)

*En Ecuador, existe un subsidio gubernamental de aproximadamente US$ 0.05/kWh que reduce la factura total a los valores
que se muestran aquí.
mayo/junio 2020	

ieee power & energy magazine	

43



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 4
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 82
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover4
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