IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 52

tasas reguladas (o tarifas de red) por el acceso a las redes de
distribución y transmisión, y 2) los consumidores regulados,
que compran energía a un precio controlado derivado de las
subastas del contrato de suministro y pagan la tarifa de la
red. Hay grandes consumidores conectados directamente a
la red de transmisión que no pagan cargos por las redes de
distribución. Los consumidores regulados representan aproximadamente el 70 % del consumo energético.
El marco normativo y la estructura tarifaria de Brasil se definió en 1968 con el objetivo de establecer

normas generales para las tasas de las empresas de distribución. La Agencia Nacional de Energía Eléctrica
(ANEEL) tenía la responsabilidad de definir normas
específicas basadas en las directrices del marco jurídico. En general, el marco normativo se ocupa de la
fijación y revisión de las tarifas eléctricas, la clasificación general de los consumidores según los niveles
de tensión, las estructuras tarifarias y las condiciones
especiales de suministro (por ejemplo, las zonas rurales y el alumbrado público).

tabla 5. Ingresos, costos y beneficios anuales de tres opciones de inversión (en moneda genérica).
 

 

 

Opción 1

Opción 2

Ganancia
Depreciación RAB
Costo de en valor
Año anual
(Opción 1) Ingresos inversión actual
Ingresos
100

100

Opción 3

Ganancia
Ganancia
en
Costo de en valor
Costo de valor
inversión actual
Ingresos inversión actual

-100

1

5

95

13

12.15

13

12.15

13

12.15

2

5

90

12.6

11.01

12.6

11.01

12.6

11.01

3

5

85

12.2

9.96

12.2

9.96

12.2

9.96

4

5

80

11.8

9

11.8

9

11.8

5

5

75

11.4

8.13

13
(como
en el
año 1)

9.27

6

5

70

11

7.33

12.6

8.4

7

5

65

10.6

6.6

12.2

7.6

8

5

60

10.2

5.94

11.8

6.87

9

5

55

9.8

5.33

11.4

6.2

10

5

50

9.4

4.78

11

5.59

11

5

45

9

4.28

10.6

5.04

12

5

40

8.6

3.82

10.2

4.53

13

5

35

8.2

3.4

9.8

4.07

14

5

30

7.8

3.02

9.4

3.65

15

5

25

7.4

2.68

9

3.26

16

5

20

7

2.37

8.6

2.91

17

5

15

6.6

2.09

8.2

2.6

18

5

10

6.2

1.83

7.8

2.31

19

5

5

5.8

1.6

7.4

2.05

20

5

5.4

1.4

7

1.81

21

6.6

1.59

22

6.2

1.4

23

5.8

1.22

24

5.4

1.06

Total
52	 ieee power & energy magazine 	

6.72

42.12

100

-67.29

47.24
mayo/junio 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover4
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