IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 61

La industria manufacturera FV del país fue sometida a una
investigación por venta a la baja y sobornos por parte de los
Estados Unidos y Europa durante 2011 y 2012.
La fabricación de módulos de celdas solares comprende
periodos cortos de construcción de plantas, altos umbrales
técnicos y de capital y un acceso cercano a los mercados
domésticos. En 2017, la producción de módulos solares de
China fue de aproximadamente 75 GW, con una tasa de
crecimiento anual del 43.4 %, lo que constituye el 71 % de
la producción mundial. Se ha logrado una mejor calidad
del producto FV y un precio reducido a través de mejoras
en la tecnología de producción; disminución de los costos
de fabricación; y mayor automatización, digitalización y
conexión en red. El precio promedio para los módulos de
silicio cristalino cayó de aproximadamente US$ 0.60/W en
2015 a menos de US$ 0.25/W en 2018. La figura 2 muestra
la producción nacional de silicio policristalino, obleas de
silicio, celdas solares y módulos de celdas solares desde
2012 hasta 2017.
Sistemas de aplicación FV

A partir de 2019, las centrales eléctricas terrestres de gran
porte constituyen más del 80 % de la capacidad FV insta-

lada de China. Motivados por la intención de "eliminar el
uso y restringir la alimentación de electricidad generada por
potencia FV" y la reducción de las tarifas de alimentación,
el país ha acelerado la construcción de zonas de demostración de aplicaciones para la generación de potencia FV distribuida. Como resultado, la inversión en la industria FV se
ha desplazado gradualmente a proyectos distribuidos, centrándose en sistemas de generación de potencia FV distribuidos en tejados de parques industriales de gran porte, zonas
de desarrollo económico, instalaciones públicas y edificios
residenciales.
En 2017, cuando se produjo un rápido crecimiento para
todos los tipos de sistemas FV, la nueva capacidad instalada
de China era de aproximadamente 53 GW, un aumento del
57 % con respecto a 2016 y más del 50 % del total mundial,
lo que hace que la capacidad instalada de potencia FV distribuida del país alcance 19 GW. Desde entonces, la capacidad
instalada acumulada de potencia FV ha alcanzado 130 GW,
con un aumento anual y una capacidad FV instalada acumulada que ocupan el primer lugar en el mundo.

140
120

Producción

100

80
60
40

20
0
Silicio
policristalino (10,000 ton)
Obleas de silicio (GW)
Partes de celdas solares (GW)
Módulos (GW)

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

4.5

8.4

7.1

8.4

13.6

16.5

19.4

24.2

25.6

28

11
10.8
10.8

20
21
21

26
23
23

29.5
25.1
27.4

38
33
35.6

48
41
45.8

64.8
51
53.7

91.7
72
75

109.2
87.2
85.7

120
95
93

figura 2. La producción en China de silicio policristalino, obleas de silicio, partes de celdas solares y módulos.
mayo/junio 2020 	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

61



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com