IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 64

acuerdo con los niveles de radiación solar, las condiciones y
los precios de referencia de la electricidad.
Después de que la política de subsidios de 2013 para el
precio de la electricidad FV se implementara durante más de
dos años, la industria FV experimentó un rápido desarrollo
debido a los subsidios, con un crecimiento significativo en
la capacidad instalada de potencia FV recientemente incorporada que constituía más del 50 % del total mundial de
capacidad FV recientemente instalada y resultó en una rápida
reducción en los costos de productos FV. Para promover el
desarrollo de la industria FV, el gobierno establece el nuevo

precio de referencia de la electricidad del próximo año para la
generación de potencia FV al final de cada año, con una disminución anual promedio de 1.453-2.18 centavos por kilovatio hora. Debido a que el apoyo gubernamental a la potencia
FV está sujeto a cambios anuales, los sistemas de generación
de potencia FV se instalan lo antes posible para que se puedan recibir mayores subsidios en los primeros años.
El 31 de mayo de 2018, la Comisión nacional de desarrollo
y reforma cambió la política establecida desde hace mucho
tiempo de reducir gradualmente los subsidios al final de cada
año y anunció una disminución repentina importante de los

Precios de referencia de la electricidad (US$/kWh)

0.16
0.14 US$ 0.1453
US$ 0.1380

US$ 0.1424

US$ 0.1308

US$ 0.1278

0.12

US$ 0.1162
0.1

US$ 0.1235
US$ 0.1090

US$ 0.1090

US$ 0.0944

US$ 0.0944

0.08
0.06

Región 1 de fuentes
Región 2 de fuentes
Región 3 de fuentes
Subsidio de distribución

US$ 0.0799

US$ 0.1017
US$ 0.0872
US$ 0.0726

US$ 0.061

US$ 0.061

US$ 0.061

US$ 0.0538

0.04

US$ 0.0465

0.02
0

2013-2015

2016

2017

2018

2018.6

Región 1 de fuentes
Región 2 de fuentes
Región 3 de fuentes
Otra región de fuentes

figura 4. Precios de referencia de la electricidad FV en China.
64	

ieee power & energy magazine 	

mayo/junio 2020



IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2020 - Cover4
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