IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 110

centrales de energía eólica suministraron
el 3 % del total de electricidad
nacional utilizada, y entre 20,000 y
30,000 granjas privadas utilizaron
pequeñas turbinas eólicas privadas
para alimentar bombas, motosierras,
trituradoras, trilladoras, etc. Sin embargo,
los motores diésel y, más tarde,
tabla 1. Línea de tiempo: una breve historia de la potencia
eólica en Dinamarca.
Año Eventos clave y decisiones políticas
1891 Turbina eólica de Poul la Cour
1903 Se funda la Danish Wind Electricity Company (D.V.E.S.)
1914 1914-1918: Primera Guerra Mundial
1919 Turbina eólica con aspas aerodinámicas; diseño J. Jensen y P. Vinding
1939 1939-1945: Segunda Guerra Mundial
1950 La turbina Vester Egesborg
1952 Solicitud de apoyo al Plan Marshall para la investigación sobre potencia
eólica
1963 Primavera silenciosa, libro de Rachel Carson
1973 90 % del consumo total de energía nacional se basa en petróleo importado
1973 Primera crisis energética internacional
1976 Se establece la Agencia Danesa de la Energía
1978 La turbina Tvind, la más grande del mundo en ese momento
1979 Segunda crisis energética internacional
1979 Protestas públicas contra la potencia nuclear
1979 Política energética danesa de 1979
1985 Decisión parlamentaria: " no " a la energía nuclear
1987 El Informe Brundtland
1990 Energy 2000, el primer plan para las transiciones energéticas bajas en
carbono del mundo
1991 Vindeby Offshore Wind Farm, el primer parque eólico marítimo del mundo
1992 Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático
1997 El Protocolo de Kyoto implementó los objetivos de la Convención Marco de
las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático
2000 13 % del consumo eléctrico nacional total suministrado por potencia eólica
2004 Acuerdo Energético
2006 Una verdad incómoda, libro de Al Gore
2008 2008-2011 Acuerdo de Energía y Ley de Energía Renovable
2010 Parque eólico marítimo de Anholt; el más grande del mundo en ese
momento
2012 2012-2018 Acuerdo Energético
2015 Acuerdo de París firmado por 197 países
2018 46.9 % del consumo eléctrico nacional total suministrado por potencia
eólica
2018 Acuerdo Energético
2019 Ley sobre Cambio Climático
110
ieee power & energy magazine
Los daneses
han utilizado
la potencia
eólica durante
siglos, y
los inicios
de varias
tecnologías
de potencia
eólica han sido
populares a
lo largo de la
historia.
los motores eléctricos se sobrepusieron
gradualmente.
Inspirados en los propulsores de
los aviones, J. Jensen y P. Vinding diseñaron
alas de turbinas eólicas más
aerodinámicas en 1919. Otros empresarios
e inventores locales también
experimentaron con las tecnologías
emergentes de potencia eólica, y el
estado alentó esta innovación en potencia
eólica. Durante 1919-1926,
la asociación danesa para el uso de
la potencia eólica recibió el apoyo
estatal, y el estado danés evaluó
la eficiencia energética de las turbinas
eólicas más comunes en ese momento.
Con una tasa de eficiencia del 43 % en
la recolección de la potencia del viento,
la turbina eólica de hélice fue calificada
como la mejor. Se discutieron temas
de investigación prácticos y teóricos
relacionados con la potencia eólica con
entusiasmo en la revista nacional de ingeniería
El ingeniero (en danés: Ingeniøren).
Véanse las figuras 2 y 3.
El entusiasmo de la
posguerra
Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial,
las turbinas eólicas volvieron a ser una
fuente de potencia bienvenida, ya que los
recursos energéticos eran escasos. No
obstante, el interés general en la potencia
mayo/junio 2021

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover3
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