IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 111

eólica disminuyó rápidamente a medida
que las importaciones de energía se normalizaron
después de la guerra.
Después del impacto de la guerra, los
avances agrícolas, médicos y tecnológicos
generaron optimismo sobre el futuro.
Las experiencias colectivas de escasez
de recursos y energía en tiempos
de guerra sirvieron como recordatorio
de la dependencia del combustible. El
gobierno danés se propuso desarrollar
y mejorar la red eléctrica, priorizó las
importaciones de carbón para la generación
eléctrica centralizada y aceptó la
hidropotencia de Noruega. Sin embargo,
la importación de carbón resultó un
desafío bajo las fricciones políticas de
la posguerra: las importaciones de carbón
de los países del Bloque del Este
resultaron inestables y las importaciones
de carbón de los países del Bloque
Occidental eran costosas.
Los economistas de la Organizala
Cooperación
ción Europea para
Económica predijeron acertadamente
que el trabajo de reconstrucción europeo
después de la guerra carecería
de suficientes recursos energéticos, y
discutieron el uso de la potencia eólica
como alternativa. Las autoridades
danesas pidieron a la Asociación Danesa
de Centrales Eléctricas que estableciera
un comité de potencia eólica y
solicitaron el apoyo del Plan Marshall
en 1952 (el Plan Marshall era un programa
de ayuda estadounidense para
Europa después de la Segunda Guerra
Mundial). El objetivo era seguir investigando
sobre tecnologías relacionadas
con la potencia eólica. Algunos creían
que la potencia nuclear era un símbolo
de modernización y progreso, así
como una alternativa energética viable.
La estación de investigación danesa de
potencia nuclear, Risø, fue inaugurada
en 1958.
La turbina Gedser fue construida en
1957. Esta turbina eólica se basó en una
investigación de Johannes Juul, alumno
de la Cour. De todas formas, ya no
se recomendaba investigar la potencia
eólica en Dinamarca en 1962 porque
el precio de la electricidad proveniente
de la turbina Gedser duplicaba el
precio de la electricidad generada a
mayo/junio 2021
partir del carbón o el petróleo. Juul se
oponía a esta decisión. Hizo hincapié
en los beneficios de las fuentes energéticas
recolectadas localmente frente
a la dependencia de importar energía.
También sugirió que las turbinas eólicas
pudieran convertirse en una futura
exportación nacional (véanse las figuras
4 y 5).
La crisis energética
mundial
La década de 1960 se caracterizó por
la carrera internacional por alcanzar la
New & Enhanced in EasyPower 10.4
Single Phase
· Single phase modeling and analysis including short
circuit, equipment duty, arc flash, device
coordination and TCC plots.
Updates for NFPA 70 (NEC) 2020 and NFPA 70E 2021
· New and updated tables, labels and libraries to
support updated standards.
Revit® Integrator Updates
· This release includes support for Revit 2021 and
several other integration enhancements.
Productivity and Usability Improvements
· Multiple enhancements including quantity based
demand factor, TCC improvements, and error report
improvements.
EasyPower Power System Analysis
As Easy As
.5 .6
1000
800
600
500
400
300
200
TX-2
1 / 1.288 MVA
13.8 - 0.48 kV
6%
100
80
60
50
40
30
20
BL-1
10
8
6
R
R
4
5
2
3
GE MVT-Plus
Sensor = 1600
Plug = 1600
Cur Set = 1.1 (1760A)
LT Band = 1
STPU = 2.5 (4400A)
ST Delay = Int
ST Delay I²t = Out
Override = 50000A
1
.8
BL-3
.4
.5
.2
.3
.5
.4
GE MVT-9
Sensor = 800
Plug = 800
Cur Set = 0.5 (400A)
LT Band = 1
.2
Inst = 4 (3200A)
Inst
TX-2
.1
.08
.06
.06
.08
.05
.04
.03
.02
PANEL
PANEL
PANEL
.01
.5 .6
.8
1
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 10
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 100
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 1000
CURRENT IN AMPERES X 100 AT 480 VOLTS
2
3
4
BL-5
Cutler Hammer Series C
HFD
Frame = 225A (150AT)
Trip = 150
BL-3
29249A
.03
BL-5
20574A
.01
5 6 7 8 9 10000
.02
1000 / 1288 kVA
INRUSH
.1
.08
.06
.05
.04
· Fast Results
Try instantly online or download a free demo copy at:
www.EasyPower.com/demo
®
Power made easy.
BL-1
18627A
C-6
1 - 400 kcmil CU
.8
.6
M-1
BL-5
C-H HFD
225/150
2
3
10
8
6
4
5
TX-2
1000 / 1288 kVA
6%
SWG-4
BL-3
GE AKR-30H
800/400
BL-1
GE AKR-50
1600/1760
.8
1
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 10
CURRENT IN AMPERES X 100 AT 480 VOLTS
2
3
TX-2
FLA
4
5 6 7 8 9 100
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 1000
2
3
4
5 6 7 8 9 10000
1000
800
600
500
400
300
200
100
80
60
50
40
30
20
BUS-3
BUS-7
M-1
M-1
MAIN SWG
REFINER
SWG-4
MCC-1
MCC-2
MAIN SWG
MCC-1
MCC-2
PNL-1
PNL-2
PNL-1
PNL-1
PNL-2
1
.8
.6
.4
.5
.2
.3
.5
.4
13.8
13.8
3.8
2.4
Arc Fault
Bus Name
Arc Fault
Bus kV
Upstream
Trip Device
Name
R-6
R-7
0.48 BL-3
3.8
0.48
0.48 BL-3
R-18
R-7
R-6
R-18
0.208 FS-2
0.48 BL-2
0.48 BL-2
0.48 BL-3
0.48 BL-3
0.208 FS-2
0.208
0.208 FS-2
0.208
PNL-1
PNL-1
51/50
51/50
51/50
51/50
Upstream
Trip Device
Function
51/50
51/50
Equip Type
Electrode
Configuration
Open Air VOA
Open Air VOA
Other
Other
Switchgear
Switchgear
Switchgear
MCC
MCC
Switchgear
MCC
MCC
Panel
Panel
Panel
HCB
HCB
VCB + HCB
VCB + HCB
VCB + HCB
VCB
VCB
VCB + HCB
VCB
VCB
VCB + HBB
VCB
VCB
Electrode
Gap
(mm)
152
152
32
152
104
32
25
32
25
25
25
25
Est Arc Flash
Boundary
(inches)
32.1
30.5
189.3
261.9
53.6
53.1
53.6
53.1
48.2
57.8
189.3
Working
Distance
(inches)
Incident
Energy
(cal/cm2
+ 26 1.7
+ 26 1.5
31.6 + 18 3.8
189.3 + 18 59.3
261.9
+ 18
+ 18
+
53.6 + 18 6.9
+ 18
+ 18
+ 18
+ 18
+
6.9
59.3
213.2
+
+
+
18 122.8
18 135.1
18 122.8
18 135.1
6.9
6.8
7.7
18 7.1
6.8
18 7.1
57.8 + 18 7.7
+ 18
59.3
)
.2
· Easy to Learn
· Easy to Use
ieeepower & energy magazine
111
TIME IN SECONDS
17.58 1.90
18.71
0.15
TIME IN SECONDS
24.13
19.48
4' - 0 "
6.0
0.48
3' - 6 "
1' - 0 "
Arc Flash and Shock Risk Hazard
Appropriate PPE Required
Flash Hazard Boundary
cal/cm2 at 18 inches - Arc Flash Incident Energy
kV Shock Hazard when cover is removed
Limited Approach
Restricted Approach
Equipment Name: SWG-4
(Fed By: 18A)
VALID FOR NORMAL SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ONLY
Arc Flash and Shock Risk Hazard
Appropriate PPE Required
4' - 0 "
6.0
0.48
3' - 6 "
1' - 0 "
Flash Hazard Boundary
cal/cm2 at 18 inches - Arc Flash Incident Energy
Arc-rated shirt and arc rated pants or arc rated coverall
kV Shock Hazard when cover is removed
Limited Approach
Restricted Approach
Equipment Name: MCC-23A
(Fed By: 27B)
VALID FOR NORMAL SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ONLY
http://www.EasyPower.com/demo

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 125
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0506_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0304_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0102_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070820
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050620
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030420
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010220
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com