IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 113

figura 4. La turbina eólica de Gedser
(1957). (Fuente: Museo Danés de
Ciencia y Tecnología; usado con
permiso).
La crisis del petróleo en la década
de 1970 fue impactante y un llamado
de atención, y resaltó la extrema
dependencia en las importaciones
de energía del país. A fines de la década
de 1970, el precio del petróleo
había aumentado exponencialmente.
La economía se deterioró y el desempleo
se disparó. Las medidas mediadoras
a corto plazo del gobierno
comprendieron, por ejemplo, domingos
sin automóviles. En toda la sociedad,
todas las personas sufrieron los efectos
de la crisis energética. En Dinamarca,
la crisis energética reavivó el
interés
por aprovechar la potencia eólica disponible
localmente. Los entusiastas
individuales, los grupos de iniciativas
locales y las pequeñas empresas privadas
experimentaron con las tecnologías
emergentes de potencia eólica y, a
menudo, lo hicieron a través de financiación
privada y asumiendo riesgos
personales.
Apoyos ascendentes y
descendentes
para la potencia eólica
En respuesta a la crisis energética, las
autoridades danesas pusieron en marcha
iniciativas de políticas energéticas
a más largo plazo, capturadas ampliamayo/junio
2021
mente en los titulares de diversificación
energética, eficiencia energética,
e independencia energética. Más
específicamente, esto implicó diversificar
la combinación de combustible
y tecnología en el sistema energético,
recolectar los recursos energéticos disponibles
localmente (por ejemplo, la
energía eólica y solar) y reducir el consumo
nacional de energía en general.
Los objetivos principales fueron reducir
la dependencia en las importaciones
de energía y proteger la economía
nacional. Reflejando la ideología del
estado de bienestar danés en aumento,
estas iniciativas políticas también fueron
diseñadas a fin de proporcionar suministros
de energía estables y accesibles
para todos los ciudadanos daneses.
En la década de 1970, el gobierno
introdujo gradualmente medidanés
das
de apoyo a la entonces en pañales
industria de la energía eólica: en 1976
se introdujo una tarifa de alimentación
de potencia eólica, se apoyó la investigación
sobre la potencia eólica y las
turbinas eólicas certificadas de un centro
de pruebas danés recibieron el 30 %
de apoyo en las subvenciones. La crisis
energética provocó un renovado interés
en la turbina Gedser y, de forma ascendente,
surgieron grupos de iniciativa
local. En 1977, el pequeño pueblo pesquero
de Klitmøller en la costa oeste
de Dinamarca planificó e implementó
un parque eólico de ocho turbinas con
el objetivo de respaldar la electricidad
y la calefacción de todo el pueblo. La
turbina eólica más grande del mundo
en ese momento, la turbina Tvind (900
kW), se erigió en 1978. Las turbinas
eólicas aumentaron gradualmente en
tamaño y eficiencia y en 1979, una pequeña
empresa danesa llamada Vestas
POSITION VACANT
Siemens Chair
Syed Babar Ali School of Science and
Engineering (SBASSE), LUMS
The Syed Babar Ali School of Science and Engineering (SBASSE)
Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan invites
applications at the rank of Associate or Full Professor to occupy an
endowed chair position in the area of power electronics, electrical
power systems, and energy conversion. Of particular interest to the
school are various green technologies including renewable energy
generation, design of energy storage, and optimization. We are
looking for an internationally recognized scholar possessing a strong
publication record, supervision experience of graduate students, and
the ability to acquire competitive research funding. Experience in the
design and delivery of innovative academic programs with a genuine
passion for teaching, mentorship, and program building, and a proven
track record of professional leadership and service to the community
are essential credentials.
The successful candidate is expected to
establish a world-class research group, collaborate with other centers
of excellence and departments at the School, acquire major research
funding and help diversify the curriculum. This endowed position
carries a professorial rank appointment at the department of Electrical
Engineering, a competitive salary package, and a research fund.
LUMS is an equal opportunity employer that offers an excellent work
environment for professional growth. The application should include a
cover letter, an up-to-date CV, research & teaching statements, to be
sent to hr-ee@lums.edu.pk with the subject Siemens Chair Search
2021. Anticipated start date is July 1st, 2021. However, this search
will continue until the appropriate candidate is identified. For more
information, please visit http://www.lums.edu.pk/sbasse
ieeepower & energy magazine
113
http://www.lums.edu.pk/sbasse

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

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