IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 27

fuentes de energía renovable (FER, por sus siglas en inglés)
disponibles con frecuencia ofrecen atractivos incentivos para
su transformación a sistemas de microrred fuera de la red.
En la figura 4(a), se presenta la configuración de una
microrred en isla típica con alta penetración de FER (principalmente
generadores de energía FV y eólica). Para lograr
Interruptor cerrado
L
Carga
WT Turbina eólica
B
Almacenamiento
de energía por
baterías
Corriente de falla
Fusibles
FV
Interruptor
abierto
Energía
fotovoltaica
Generador
de diésel
PE
Falla
ICB2
CB1
CB2
CB8
Generador
de diésel Nodo 1
CB10
L
ICB3
Microrred fuera de la red
Nodo 2
(a)
100
Almacenamiento
de energía
por baterías
10
1
Relé del
0.1
alimentador (CB4)
Fusible 1 (F1)
Fusible 3 (F3)
alimentador (CB4)
50 75 100 200 300
Corriente (A)
(b)
figura 4. (a) Una microrred en isla sin conexión a la red y (b) el impacto de los cambios de topología en el rendimiento
del sistema de protección.
mayo/junio 2021
ieee power & energy magazine
27
Diésel
CB3
B
WT
L
CB6
L
FV
Nodo 3
CB9
F5
F6
Nodo 4
CB11
F7
L
F2
F3
ICB4
CB4
CB5
F1
CB7
una alta penetración de FER, se requieren unidades de almacenamiento
de batería. Todas estas unidades (es decir, las
FER y el almacenamiento) están interconectadas por los PE.
En los sistemas de isla tradicionales, los generadores diésel
son responsables de la contribución de la corriente de falla y
los dispositivos de protección se configuran en consecuencia
Nodo 5
Nodo 6
Tiempo de disparo (s)

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover4
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