IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 66

Soluciones
prácticas de
protección de
la microrred
L
66
LAS MICRORREDES Y FUENTES BASADAS EN INVERsores
(IBR, por sus siglas en inglés) ofrecen una promesa interesante
de energía limpia, renovable y resiliente. Sin embargo,
estas tecnologías emergentes suponen un nuevo conjunto de
desafíos debido a la inercia simulada, las contribuciones de
corriente de sobrecarga limitada, el comportamiento del inversor
basado en firmware, entre otros factores. En este artículo
se explican algunas de estas dificultades y se comparten varias
técnicas comunes utilizadas para superarlas con relés de protección
programables (PPR, por sus siglas en inglés).
Se espera que continúe aumentando la prevalencia de las
IBR en las microrredes y las redes eléctricas de las empresas
de servicios públicos, dado que los gobiernos y las corporaciones
persiguen metas agresivas de energías renovables
que necesitan la integración de baterías, energía fotovoltaica
(FV), energía eólica y fuentes de energía de combustibles no
fósiles. La descarbonización de la generación de electricidad
requiere que los sistemas eléctricos funcionen con cantidades
variables de generadores síncronos rotativos convencionales
y/o IBR en línea.
Los sistemas de protección mantienen funcionando la sociedad
al aislar las fallas y mitigar las perturbaciones, apoyando
así la infraestructura crítica en línea y protegiendo el entorno,
los procesos, los ingresos, los activos y las vidas humanas. El
tiempo de operación (confi abilidad) se relaciona directamente
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2021.3057953
Fecha de la versión actual: 19 de abril de 2021
ieeepower & energy magazine
1540-7977/21©2021IEEE
mayo/junio 2021
Por Scott Manson
y Ed McCullough
Promesas y
desafíos

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover4
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