IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - 93

máximo definido, el controlador de microrred emite
nuevos puntos de ajuste a los cogeneradores. Este método
asume que el tiempo de reacción del cogenerador
a un nuevo punto de ajuste es suficiente para mantener
una importación de potencia neta positiva.
✔ Para cambios drásticos de carga, se utiliza el sistema
de almacenamiento de energía por baterías. Una de
las cargas principales en la microrred es de aproximadamente
150 kW y se ejecuta en un ciclo repetido,
pero impredecible, a lo largo del día. Este paso de carga
de 150 kW y el correspondiente rechazo de carga
de 150 kW ocurren aproximadamente cada 2-3 h. El
controlador de microrred debe ordenar al sistema de
almacenamiento de energía por baterías que se cargue
rápidamente durante el rechazo de la carga, utilizando
el sistema de almacenamiento de energía por baterías
como carga de reemplazo para evitar una activación
de protección de exportación de potencia.
✔ Una vez que el rechazo de la carga ha sido reemplazado
por la carga del sistema de almacenamiento de
energía por baterías, el controlador de microrred puede
ajustar lentamente tanto el punto de ajuste de carga
del almacenamiento de energía de la batería como la
salida de potencia del cogenerador para mantener la
importación de energía neta dentro de los límites mínimo
y máximo. Esto permite que los cogeneradores
aumenten lentamente a sus nuevos puntos de ajuste sin
riesgo de un disparo por exportación de energía y, al
mismo tiempo, permite que la importación de energía
neta esté lo más cerca posible del límite, reduciendo
así los cargos generales de los servicios públicos.
Disponibilidad de activos
Los dispositivos de protección de las FED individuales protegerán
las FED durante las fallas. De manera similar a la
protección de exportación de potencia, el controlador de
microrred también actúa como un dispositivo de protección
proactivo para evitar abastecer una FED cuando es probable
que experimente un problema. El controlador de microrred
realiza esta protección proactiva leyendo las condiciones de
error de la FED y usando una bandera interna y configurable

IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021

Contents
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Contents
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IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - May/June 2021 - Cover4
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