Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 101

El oportunismo de Ganz fue excelente.
La construcción del ferrocarril estaba
en auge en todo el mundo en las décadas de 1850 y 1860. Había 32,000 millas de vías ferroviarias en Europa en
1860, y el doble en 1870.
El primer ferrocarril transcontinental en los Estados Unidos se completó
en 1869, y hacia 1880 había 93,000 millas de vías en los Estados Unidos. De
manera análoga a Ganz, cuando George
Westinghouse se diversificó en el negocio de fabricación eléctrica, Westinghouse Air Brake Company, fundada en
1869, ya era una exitosa fabricante de
los frenos de aire que había inventado
para los trenes. Hacia 1874, los frenos
de aire Westinghouse se usaban diariamente en más de 30,000 millas de vías
ferroviarias propiedad de más de 100
empresas en Estados Unidos, Bélgica,
Gran Bretaña, Canadá, Cuba, Rusia y
otros países. Westinghouse celebró su
cumpleaños número 28 ese año. En
2004, Westinghouse Air Brake Co. se
fusionó con otra compañía para formar
la corporación Wabtec.
Lo mejor es terminar este artículo
haciendo referencia a una conferencia
de 1896 de Louis Duncan, presidente
del Instituto Estadounidense de Inge-

septiembre/octubre 2019

nieros Eléctricos en ese momento: "Estado actual de la transmisión y distribución de energía eléctrica". La versión
publicada de la conferencia incluye
una lista con las 29 principales plantas
de transmisión en funcionamiento en
todo el mundo. Solo tres de esos sistemas de transmisión excedieron las 25
millas del sistema Gaulard-Gibbs de
1884: Pomona, California (28 3/4 millas, monofásico), Fresno, California (35 millas, trifásico) y el sistema
de transmisión experimental de 1891
de Lauffen a Frankfurt, Alemania (100
millas, trifásico).

Lecturas complementarias
"The distribution of electricity" (La
distribución de la electricidad), The
Times, Londres, 18. de abr., 1883.
"The distribution of energy by secondary generators" (La distribución
de energía por generadores secundarios) Electrician (Londres), vol. 12,
pág. 29, 24. de nov., 1883.
"Von der Turiner Ausstellung - Die
Secundär-Generatoren von Gaulard
und Gibbs," Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik (Viena), vol. 2, págs. 729-732, 1884.
J. D. Gibbs, "The distribution of
electrical energy by secondary genera-

tors" (La distribución de energía eléctrica por generadores secundarios), Van
Nostrand's Eng. Mag., vol. 32, n.° 6,
págs. 495-501, junio de 1885.
The National Company for the Distribution of Electricity by Secondary
Generators, Limited, The Distribution of Electrical Energy by the Gaulard-Gibbs System of Secondary Generators (La distribución de energía
eléctrica mediante el sistema de generadores secundarios Gaulard-Gibbs).
Londres: The National Company for
the Distribution of Electricity by Secondary Generators, Limited, 1885.
"Lucien Gaulard," Railroad Eng. J,
vol. 63, pág. 48, Ene. de 1889.
"Reunión de acreedores," Elect.
Rev. (Londres), vol. 61, pág. 568, 4 de
oct. de 1907.
"John Dixon Gibbes," Electrician
(Londres), vol. 68, pág. 909, 15 de mar.
de 1912.
J. Bethenod, "Œuvre et vie de Lucien Gaulard - réalisateur du premier
transformateur à courant alternatif,"
Commémoration du cinquantenaire des
premiéres réalisations de transmission
d'énergie par l'électricité, París: Société
Française des Électriciens, 1935.
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

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Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
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