Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 22

Por Jeffrey D. Taft

A

AL COMIENZO DE LA PRESENTE
década, ya era evidente que los esfuerzos
para mejorar los sistemas de energía eléc-
trica de EE. UU. y los sistemas energéticos
en todo el mundo se veían obstaculizados
por un problema que era más o menos
reconocido pero muy poco expuesto: la
abrumadora complejidad de lo que suele
conocerse como la red se había vuelto tan
grande que comprender las consecuencias
de los cambios en la red, o incluso determi-
nar qué cambios deberían hacerse, estaba
impidiendo significativamente la moder-
nización de las redes. Ya se estaban produ-
ciendo cambios menos obvios, pero igual
de importantes, en la red que se desviaban
cada vez más de los principios y supuestos
básicos bajo los cuales se desarrolló la red
del siglo XX. De no ser abordados, estos
cambios podrían tener graves consecuen-
cias para la confiabilidad y funcionali-
dad de la red. Los nuevos desarrollos son
impulsados en gran medida por la evolu-
ción de las expectativas de los consumido-
res, la aparición de nuevas tecnologías y el
cambio de las economías de escala centra-
les a las economías de red. Este último es
impulsado por una mayor penetración de
las fuentes de energía distribuida (FED) conectadas a nivel
de distribución ("el límite de la red") y por una predomi-
nante conectividad de comunicación. Los impulsores adi-
cionales incluyen deficiencias en la resiliencia y una ame-
naza creciente de ciberataque.
En 2014, en el Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
(PNNL), presentamos el concepto de arquitectura de red al

Departamento de Energía (DOE, por sus siglas en inglés)
de los EE. UU. como una disciplina que podría abordar la
red en su totalidad y proporcionar los medios para gestionar
la complejidad inherente de la modernización de redes. La
arquitectura de red tiene sus antecedentes en la arquitectura
de sistemas, pero combinamos esa disciplina con elementos
adicionales de ingeniería de redes, ingeniería de software,

Arquitectura de red
Identificador de Objeto Digital 10.1109/MPE.2019.2921739
Fecha de publicación: 19 de agosto de 2019

22

ieee power & energy magazine

1540-7977/19©2019IEEE

septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 4
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 5
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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