Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - 30

utiliza la integración back-end para facilitar las transfe-
rencias de datos. Esto ha llevado a una integración costosa
y, peor aún, a la evolución de disposiciones esencialmente
frágiles. Al cambiar o agregar aplicaciones, se añaden más
costos de integración, algo que no ha sido mitigado por los
intentos de desarrollar estándares para la interoperabili-
dad. Aunque esto se resolviera, considere lo que sucede
cuando una aplicación o partes de su silo fallan: la falla
puede irrumpir en las otras aplicaciones que necesitan
datos del silo fallido, porque están acopladas. Esta estruc-
tura es básicamente antirresiliente.
Al aplicar el método de conversión de silo a capa y defi-
nir una plataforma, llegamos a la arquitectura en el grá-
fico 4 (b). Este ilustra la función de arquitectura de red
de "definición de plataformas, interfaces e información de
interoperabilidad".
En este modelo, los sensores, la red de comunicación y
la infraestructura eléctrica se convierten en una plataforma
estratificada que admite aplicaciones que ahora están des-
acopladas entre sí y pueden ser centralizadas o distribuidas.
Esta estructura es, en sí misma, más resiliente que la dispo-
sición en silos y proporciona protección contra la obsoles-
cencia debido al desacoplamiento de las aplicaciones y la
estratificación de la plataforma. Tenga en cuenta que se eli-
minará la integración de aplicaciones back-end. Este ejem-
plo muestra cómo un cambio en la estructura puede afectar

la ubicación y la naturaleza de las interfaces de un sistema
(eliminando la mayoría de los problemas de interfaz en este
caso). Es por ello que es importante calcular la estructura
primero antes de abordar otros aspectos de la modernización
de la red.

Ejemplo 2
Las redes laminares, que son estructuras de coordinación
derivadas del marco de coordinación laminar, se componen
de bloques, tal como se muestra en el gráfico  5 (a). Están
interconectados de acuerdo con un patrón impuesto por las
matemáticas de la descomposición estratificada y pueden
asignarse a cualquier estructura de red en particular. El dia-
grama indica muchos ejemplos del bloque básico delineado
en rojo.
Si bien el gráfico 5(b) no lo describe, las redes lami-
nares pueden incluir agregadores de terceros y otros en
un esquema de coordinación integral. De hecho, el uso de
este modelo revela un nuevo valor que dichos terceros pue-
den proporcionar a las empresas de distribución eléctrica
al completar la red laminar. El enfoque de descomposición
estratificada que subyace a las redes laminares es aplica-
ble en muchos niveles de la red y constituye la base de
los aspectos estructurales de las consideraciones para la
coordinación de T&D para redes con alta penetración de
las FED.

Nodo de coordinador
Nodo laminar terminal
Bus de comunicación entre dominios
Conexión eléctrica
ISO/RTO/BAA

(a)
GRD

Subestación

GRD

GRD

Almacenamiento a
escala de distribución

R

Servicios
B2G

Subestación

Subestación

Subestación

S

R

FED
Solar
FED
de consumidor de comunidad AlmacenamientoServicios de consumidor
B2G
comercial
(b)

gráfico 5. (a) Componentes básicos de las redes laminares. (b) Ilustración de la composición de la red laminar. GRD: gestor
de redes de distribución; BAA: autoridad de área de equilibrio; B2g: construcción en red; R: reconector; C: conmutador.
30

ieee power & energy magazine

septiembre/octubre 2019



Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019

Contents
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover1
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover2
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Contents
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Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover3
Power & Energy Magazine - Spanish - September/October 2019 - Cover4
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